Monitoring Series

Access background papers, framework documents, monitoring plans, handbooks and more from the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP), its marine, terrestrial and freshwater groups and other networks and topics.

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All Monitoring Documents

Access all monitoring related documents from CAFF.

Marine Monitoring

Documents from the Marine Steering Group and Expert Networks of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Freshwater Monitoring

Documents from the Freshwater Steering Group and Expert Networks of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Terrestrial Monitoring

Documents from the Terrestrial Steering Group and Expert Networks of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Coastal Monitoring Documents from the Coastal Expert Monitoring Group of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). 
Community Based Monitoring

Access community based monitoring strategies, handbooks and more.

Protected Areas Monitoring

Access protected areas documents from the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program.(CBMP).

Data and Data Management

Data and data management documents from the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) and CAFF.

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Arctic Birds Bulletin 2010

A newsletter of the Arctic Birds Breeding Conditions Survey (ABBCS).

Proposals from the Sustaining Arctic Observing Network (SAON) Steering Group on how to incorporate community based monitoring and traditional knowledge into the SAON process.

The overall goal of the workshop was to identify possible synergies between organisations and networks working with Arctic terrestrial biodiversity, and to agree on common actions to improve the collaboration and communication (see appendix 1 and 2 for further information about agenda and participants).

Proceedings of the first Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group workshop to develop a multidisciplinary, integrated, pan-Arctic, long-term terrestrial biodiversity monitoring plan. 

This report provides an overview of porposals made by CAFF countries for new and/or enlarged protected areas in the Arctic.

An assessment on the status of protected areas in the Arctic, as of 1994.

The goal of the workshop was (i) for selected protected area experts and practitioners to discuss relevant arctic protected areas issues and opportunities for coordinated approaches to biodiversity monitoring, (2) to review the provide opportunity for all Arctic Council country and permanent participants to share key monitoring considerations for the group to address; (3)and provide direction and enhancements to the draft protected area discussion paper in preparation for the development of an arctic protected area monitoring framework.

Twenty-two scientists, managers and community experts from the five Arctic polar bear nations, met in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, to help develop a pan-Arctic monitoring plan for polar bears as part of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF). 

A summary of the outcomes of the first international meeting of the Freshwater Expert Monitoring Group (FEMG) of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP).

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #21, Changes in Protected Areas

The status and trend of indicator species #21, changes in protected areas, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

A meeting to discuss the implementation of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP, intended to detect changes in the natural environment, provide an early warning system, contribute to development and evaluation of national monitoring plans; and provide for timely and cost-effective sharing of information to Arctic and non-Arctic users.

CAFF/AMAP Workshop on Climate Change: Rovaniemi, Finland: March 24-25, 1998 was held so that the two programs could jointly discuss the potential impacts of climate change on the Arctic and provide holistic recommendations to the Arctic Council.

CAFF/AMAP Workshop on a Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program: Reykjavik, Iceland: February 7-9, 2000 was held to advance work on biodiversity and climate change montioring in the circumpolar Arctic.


A document designed to coordinate monitoring activities of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) and the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP), as both working groups of the Arctic Council have vested interests in the biological effects of various impact factos including climate change.

Proposes objectives, means, details of data ownership, and initial analytical tools of sharing seabird information across the Arctic on the internet to improve conservation efforts by providing a tool to analize seabird status and trends information on a circumpolar scale.

A Strategy for Developing Indices and Indicators to Track Status and Trends in Arctic Biodiversity

A strategy for developing indices and indicators for monitoring Arctic biodiversity in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). Targeted and consistent reporting will help meet the program's information and communication needs.  

Available in Russian / на русском языке

The concept paper behind the International Arctic Vegetation Database (IAVD), and international project to produce a complete database on vascular plants, bryophytes and liches that exist in the Arctic.

Highlights potential cooperative actions between CAFF and Wetlands international with a focus on inclusion of Wetland International's global and flyway initiatives in the Circumpolar Biodiversity monitoring Program (CBMP).

Lessons learned from the ECORA project, acase study to adopt and implement integrated ecosystem management strategies and action plans in three Model Areas representing different ecosystems and anthropogenic pressures in Russia.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #08, The Arctic Species Trend Index

The status and trend of indicator species #8, The Arctic Species Trend Index.

ECORA: An Integrated Ecosystems Management Approach to Conserve Biodiversity and Minimise Habitat Fragmentation in Three Selected Model Areas in the Russian Arctic

The ECORA project aimed to secure the integrity of some of the world’s last remaining pristine areas and support the livelihoods of indigenous and local peoples. The development objective of the project was the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the Russian Arctic. The immediate objective was the adoption and initial implementation of integrated ecosystem management strategies and action plans in three Model Areas representing different ecosystems and anthropogenic pressures.

Available in Russian/на русском языке

A Strategy for Facilitating and Developing Community-based Monitoring: Approaches in Arctic Biodiversity Monitoring

A strategy for integrating Arctic community-based monitroing efforts into the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). 

Available in Russian / на русском языке

The CBVM intends to produce an internationally agreed upon circumboreal vegetation map with a common legend and language for use in decision making.

This discussion paper outlines ideas for bringing all efforts at monitoring biodiversity in the Arctic together, allowing for better coordination in implementing the programmes, and for more coordinated analysis of the results.

This paper reviews the principles, mechanisms and criteria used by CAFF countries to establish protected areas.

This report compiles information on proposed protected areas and an analysis of gaps in the network of existing and proposed protected areas using Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques.

Descriptions of the natural physical, natural ecological, economic, cultural, subsistence use, educations, landscape, societal, scientific and recreational values of Arctic protected areas.

A report discussing the multitude of values found in Arctic protected areas. It presents case studies that demonstrate how protected areas conserve such values.

Description of the main activities and focus of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) from March 2008-2013.

 

Available in Russian / на русском языке


Provides an overview of the development of the monitoring and implementation plan of the Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group (TEMG), who's overall goal is to produce the Arctic Terrestrial Montiroing Biodiversity Plan.

A document to describe the goals and preliminary recommendations for the Committee for Holarctic Shorebird Monitoring (CHASM), an expert working group of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP.)

A report arguing for the holistic approach to sacred sites management by exploring case studies in the Yamal and Koryak Autonomous Okrus.

The framework document for a coordinated circumpolar research and monitoring effort of polar bears.

A background document for the development of a network to monitor Rangifer populations and the human interactions wtih this important resource.

An initial examination of the literature pertaining to the traditional, historical, and contemporary Aleut use of plant resources.

A poster outlining the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Program. Intended for scientific and policy audiences.

A brochure highlighting the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Findings of a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Marine Mammal Commission and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Valencia, Spain March 4-6, 2007.

The background paper of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, highlighting the process and key elements to develop.

An exploration of the International Tundra Experiment and how it could participate in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Network (CBMP).

This document provides an overview on the development of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, produced by a Freshwater Expert Monitoring Group (FEMG) for the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP), along with timelines for development of the FEMG.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Cover and acknowledgements

Cover and acknowledgements to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

The findings of a workshop focused on fostering the development and implementation of coordinated, international research and monitoring networks for Arctic freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems and the biodiversity they support.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Title and table of contents

Title and table of contents to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

A discussion for the development of a community-based monitoring component to the CBMP and examination of monitoring programs under development by the Permanent Participants of the Arctic Council.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Key findings and advice for monitoring

Findings and advice for monitoring to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

Paper on reindeer husbandry and montioring in the Arctic and major associations and networks on the topic including the Association of World Reindeer Herders.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 1: Introduction

Introduction to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

A poster on the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP).

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 2: Setting the scene

Setting the scene for the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

Paper describing the scope, purpose, need and status of the CircumArctic Rangifer Monitoring and Assessment (CARMA) Network based on discussions from the first two official annual meetings.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.1: Sea ice biota

Sea ice biota chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering four Focal Ecosystem Components: Bacteria and Archaea, microalgae and other protists, meiofauna and under-ice macrofauna.

 

CBMP Annual Report 2006

The 2006 Annual Report from the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.2: Plankton

Plankton chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering four Focal Ecosystem Components: Bacteria and Archaea, microbial eukaryotes, phytoplankton, and zooplankton.

 


A broad assessment of community based monitoring for diverse audiences that explores different community based monitoring programs in an effort to highlight the best and most successful practices of each. It is also designed for use as a framework for custom-tailoring specific community-based monitoring projects, and as an application to monitoring efforts in non-Arctic regions.

 

Available in Chinese

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.3: Benthos

Benthos chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering two Focal Ecosystem Components: megafauna, and macrofauna.


A framework document for developing an integrated monitoring framework for seabirds.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.4: Marine fishes

Fishes chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering three Focal Ecosystem Components: Greenland halibut, polar cod and capelin.

This report provides an overview of the BSSN concept, its history, and the pilot project results. It informs the broader community of scientists, governments, and Arctic residents about the project’s findings and shares the lessons learned. The Bearing Sea Subnetwork Additionally offers a HTML version of the document. To look at the HTML version click here

 

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.5: Seabirds

Seabirds chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering eight Focal Ecosystem Components: glaucous gull, ivory gull, least auklet, little auk, common murre, thick-billed murre, black-legged kittiwake, common eider.

The 2008 Annual Report of the Bearing Sea Sub-Network- International Community-Based Environmental Observation Alliance for the Arctic Observing Network (BSSN).

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.6: Marine mammals

Marine mammals chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering 11 Focal Ecosystem Components: walrus (Odobenus rosmarus), ringed seal (Pusa hispida) bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus), spotted seal (Phoca largha), ribbon seal (Phoca fasciata), harp seal (Phoca groenlandica) hooded seal (Cystophora cristata), beluga (Delphinapterus leucas), bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus), narwhal (Monodon monoceros), and polar bear (Ursus maritimus).

 

The Arctic Report Card annually tracks and reports on the status and trends of the Arctic. 

Background paper for an Arctic protected areas monitoring scheme that would identify a suite of biodiversity monitoring measures that would be commonly monitored across the Arctic and implemented in a standardized way by each agency. This initiative is intended to enable coordinated reporting of biodiversity in Arctic protected areas and to provide a circumpolar understanding of change occurring within protected areas around the Arctic region.

The Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (CBMP-Marine Plan) is the first of the CBMP’s four pan-Arctic biodiversity monitoring plans. The overall goal of the CBMP-Marine Plan is to improve our ability to detect and understand the causes of long-term change in the composition, structure and function of Arctic marine ecosystems, as well as to develop authoritative assessments of key elements of Arctic marine biodiversity (e.g., key indicators, ecologically pivotal and/or other important taxa).

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Key Findings and Advice for Monitoring

The State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report identifies trends in key marine species and points to important gaps in biodiversity monitoring efforts across key ecosystem components in: sea ice biota, plankton, benthos, marine fishes, seabirds and marine mammals. Changes in these species are likely to indicate changes in the overall marine environment.

Arctic Birds Bulletin 2011

A newsletter of the Arctic Birds Breeding Conditions Survey (ABBCS).


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