Spoon-billed Sandpiper

Arctic Migratory Birds Initiative (AMBI)

AMBI is an Arctic Council initiative that conducts activities to help conserve populations of priority Arctic-breeding migratory birds in decline.

Many Arctic-breeding bird populations are declining at alarming rates. Birds face unevenly distributed threats around the globe and throughout entire migration routes. In the Arctic, birds encounter increasingly unpredictable effects of climate change and resulting changes in habitats and species interactions. Outside of the Arctic, illegal hunting, contaminants and pollution, and entanglement in nets and discarded fishing gear cause unknown levels of mortality around the globe. Key staging and wintering habitats are being lost to urbanization, development and rising sea levels. It is becoming harder for birds to find safety and sufficient food, and migrate and breed successfully to support the next generation.

International collaboration is necessary to understand how threats compound across locations, and to ensure conservation action is supported and reinforced at every location.

AMBI addresses knowledge gaps and conservation challenges to support healthy populations of migratory birds. AMBI works across major migration corridors—called flyways—to connect Arctic and non-Arctic actors to prioritize activities that benefit declining species of birds.

AMBI Flyways

AMBI Priority Species

Latest AMBI Publications

thumb Arctic Migratory Bird Initiative (AMBI): Mid-term Evaluation 2017 and 2021
thumb Case studies: Working with Indigenous Communities on Migratory Birds-case studies of relevance to the Arctic Migratory Birds Initiative (AMBI)
thumb Plastic ingestion by seabirds in the circumpolar Arctic: A review
thumb Arctic Migratory Bird Initiative (AMBI): Work Plan

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Lead Working Groups
Lead Arctic States & Permanent Participants
The Russian Federation
The United States
Engaged observers
People's Republic of China 
Republic of India 
Republic of Korea 
Republic of Singapore 
The Netherlands 
United Kingdom 
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Start - End
2013 -