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State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report (full report)

The State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report (SAMBR) is a synthesis of the state of knowledge about biodiversity in Arctic marine ecosystems, detectable changes, and important gaps in our ability to assess state and trends in biodiversity across six focal ecosystem components (FECs): marine mammals, seabirds, marine fishes, benthos, plankton, and sea ice biota.

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Kingdom of Denmark, 2015-2016

A 2015-2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the Kingdom of Denmark.  

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Canada, 2015-2016

A 2015-2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada. 

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Sweden, 2015-2016

A 2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Sweden. 

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: USA, 2015-2016

A 2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the USA. 

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway.  

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Iceland. 

This atlas and guide presents results of the Russian American Long-Term Census of the Arctic (RUSALCA) fish investigations conducted by bottom trawl in the Pacific Arctic region northward from Bering Strait. Species accounts provide documentation of the biodiversity and geographic distribution baselines with maps supported by citation of voucher specimens, catch records, and literature; habitat and morphological descriptions; and remarks on taxonomic issues with implications from DNA barcoding. Pages of fish photographs with labeled features are grouped separately in an identification guide. 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway.

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.  

This document summarizes the work of the Bering Sea Sub-Network (BSSN) II project, which provided a means for remote Indigenous villages around the Bering Sea to communicate their observations about the environment and subsistence harvest.

This report aims to describe the broad-scale trends necessary for designing and targeting informed conservation strategies at the flyway level to address these reported declines.

This report summarizes the initial set of satellite data products included in the CAFF Land Cover Change (LCC) Initiative. The LCC Initiative has been developed to harness the potential of remote sensing for use in Arctic biodiversity monitoring and assessment activities. 

A circumpolar plan to monitor seabird populations, created by CAFF's CBird Expert Group as part of the marine component of CAFF's Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program.

This report describes the progress towards implementation of the CBMP-Terrestrial Plan in 2014 and a work plan for the coming year  

This report describes the progress towards implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan in 2014 and a work plan for the coming year 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the Kingdom of Denmark.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the USA.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Sweden.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Iceland.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the USA. 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway. 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.

Mise en oeuvre du plan de surveillance de la biodiversité marine dans lArctique : mise à jour au Canada en 2012

This report describes the progress that has been made in 2014 to implement the CBMP Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

The Canadian Arctic Marine Biodiversity Plan (Canadian Marine Plan) is the Canadian contribution to the Arctic Council Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna’s Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program, Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

The overall objective of the Canadian Arctic Marine Biodiversity Plan (Canadian Marine Plan) is to improve our ability to detect and understand the causes of long-term changes in the structure and function of Canadian arctic marine ecosystems. The Canadian Marine Plan integrates existing scientific and community-based marine biodiversity data and information. 

Implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan began in late 2011, and this report describes the progress that has been made during the second year of implementation (2013).

This document details the background, purpose, development, structure and outcomes of the CBMP Terrestrial Steering Group meeting in Akureyri, Iceland February 2014 to implement the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

A brochure highlighting the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP)

This report describes the progress made since December 2012, when implementation of the CBMP-Freshwater Plan began.

This document identifies marine benthos monitoring possibilities amongst Atlantic Arctic nations by identifying time- and cost-effective possibilities.

 

 

Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan: scientific poster

This scientific poster, intended for presentations at conferences and meetings, provides an overview of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, including key management questions, benefits, and approach.

List of Marine Fishes of the Arctic Region Annotated with Common Names and Zoogeographic Characterizations

This document details a list of Arctic marine fishes with geographical characterizations (e.g., arctic, arctic-boreal, boreal). The list contains the most common or officially recommended names in English, French, Norwegian and Russian.

This edition is being used by the CBMPMarine Fish Expert Network as a baseline document which will be revised form time to time to add new species, as they are discovered in the arctic region, and new languages.

The CBMP Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group (CBMP-TEMG) has developed the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (CBMP-Terrestrial Plan/the Plan) as the framework for coordinated, long-term Arctic terrestrial biodiversity monitoring. The goal of the CBMP-Terrestrial Plan is to improve the collective ability of Arctic traditional knowledge (TK) holders, northern communities, and scientists to detect, understand and report on long-term change in Arctic terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity.

This next generation CBMP strategic plan will focus on continuing to implement those strategies while allowing for greater emphasis on interpretation, integration and communication of biodiversity information resulting from the CBMP Monitoring Plans. This plan outlines ongoing efforts to establish and maintain steering groups to implement the monitoring plans and manage and provide that information for ongoing and future assessments of Arctic biodiversity.

This document details Canadian involvement in implementing the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in 2012.

 

For more on Canada's implementation of CBMP Marine, please visit the Canadian CBMP-Marine implementation website.

This issue of Ursus, Monograph Series Number 5, 2012 features a Circumpolar Monitoring Framework for Polar Bears produced by the the authors. CAFF facilitated the process.

This one page summary (double-sided) provides an overview of the activities and progress made in 2012 to implement the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

Implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan began in late 2011, and this report describes the progress that has been made during the first year of implementation (2012).

This document develops an Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (The Freshwater Plan) that details the rationale and framework for improvements related to the monitoring of freshwaters of the circumpolar Arctic, including ponds, lakes, their tributaries and associated wetlands, as well as rivers, their tributaries and associated wetlands. The monitoring framework aims to facilitate circumpolar assessments by providing Arctic countries with a structure and a set of guidelines for initiating and developing monitoring activities that employ common approaches and indicators. The Freshwater Plan is part of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) that is working with partners to harmonize and enhance long-term Arctic biodiversity monitoring efforts in order to facilitate more rapid detection, communication and response to significant trends and pressures.

Discussion results from a joint meeting between AMAP and CAFF to discuss coordinated monitoring efforts.

A document that discusses cooperation and collaboration between AMAP and CAFF on various activities including monitoring and the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment.

Discusses the history, purpose, approach perpectives, development and action plan for the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Proposals from the Sustaining Arctic Observing Network (SAON) Steering Group on how to incorporate community based monitoring and traditional knowledge into the SAON process.

The overall goal of the workshop was to identify possible synergies between organisations and networks working with Arctic terrestrial biodiversity, and to agree on common actions to improve the collaboration and communication (see appendix 1 and 2 for further information about agenda and participants).

Proceedings of the first Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group workshop to develop a multidisciplinary, integrated, pan-Arctic, long-term terrestrial biodiversity monitoring plan. 

The goal of the workshop was (i) for selected protected area experts and practitioners to discuss relevant arctic protected areas issues and opportunities for coordinated approaches to biodiversity monitoring, (2) to review the provide opportunity for all Arctic Council country and permanent participants to share key monitoring considerations for the group to address; (3)and provide direction and enhancements to the draft protected area discussion paper in preparation for the development of an arctic protected area monitoring framework.

Twenty-two scientists, managers and community experts from the five Arctic polar bear nations, met in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, to help develop a pan-Arctic monitoring plan for polar bears as part of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF). 

A summary of the outcomes of the first international meeting of the Freshwater Expert Monitoring Group (FEMG) of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP).

CAFF/AMAP Workshop on Climate Change: Rovaniemi, Finland: March 24-25, 1998 was held so that the two programs could jointly discuss the potential impacts of climate change on the Arctic and provide holistic recommendations to the Arctic Council.


A document designed to coordinate monitoring activities of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) and the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP), as both working groups of the Arctic Council have vested interests in the biological effects of various impact factos including climate change.

A Strategy for Developing Indices and Indicators to Track Status and Trends in Arctic Biodiversity

A strategy for developing indices and indicators for monitoring Arctic biodiversity in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). Targeted and consistent reporting will help meet the program's information and communication needs.  

Available in Russian / на русском языке

Highlights potential cooperative actions between CAFF and Wetlands international with a focus on inclusion of Wetland International's global and flyway initiatives in the Circumpolar Biodiversity monitoring Program (CBMP).

Lessons learned from the ECORA project, acase study to adopt and implement integrated ecosystem management strategies and action plans in three Model Areas representing different ecosystems and anthropogenic pressures in Russia.

ECORA: An Integrated Ecosystems Management Approach to Conserve Biodiversity and Minimise Habitat Fragmentation in Three Selected Model Areas in the Russian Arctic

The ECORA project aimed to secure the integrity of some of the world’s last remaining pristine areas and support the livelihoods of indigenous and local peoples. The development objective of the project was the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the Russian Arctic. The immediate objective was the adoption and initial implementation of integrated ecosystem management strategies and action plans in three Model Areas representing different ecosystems and anthropogenic pressures.

Available in Russian/на русском языке

A Strategy for Facilitating and Developing Community-based Monitoring: Approaches in Arctic Biodiversity Monitoring

A strategy for integrating Arctic community-based monitroing efforts into the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). 

Available in Russian / на русском языке

A description for a cooperative banding program project between the Arctic countries.

Description of the main activities and focus of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) from March 2008-2013.

 

Available in Russian / на русском языке


Provides an overview of the development of the monitoring and implementation plan of the Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group (TEMG), who's overall goal is to produce the Arctic Terrestrial Montiroing Biodiversity Plan.

A document to describe the goals and preliminary recommendations for the Committee for Holarctic Shorebird Monitoring (CHASM), an expert working group of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP.)

The framework document for a coordinated circumpolar research and monitoring effort of polar bears.

A poster outlining the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Program. Intended for scientific and policy audiences.

Findings of a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Marine Mammal Commission and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Valencia, Spain March 4-6, 2007.

The background paper of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, highlighting the process and key elements to develop.

An exploration of the International Tundra Experiment and how it could participate in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Network (CBMP).

This document provides an overview on the development of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, produced by a Freshwater Expert Monitoring Group (FEMG) for the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP), along with timelines for development of the FEMG.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Cover and acknowledgements

Cover and acknowledgements to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

The findings of a workshop focused on fostering the development and implementation of coordinated, international research and monitoring networks for Arctic freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems and the biodiversity they support.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Title and table of contents

Title and table of contents to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

A discussion for the development of a community-based monitoring component to the CBMP and examination of monitoring programs under development by the Permanent Participants of the Arctic Council.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Key findings and advice for monitoring

Findings and advice for monitoring to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

Paper on reindeer husbandry and montioring in the Arctic and major associations and networks on the topic including the Association of World Reindeer Herders.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 1: Introduction

Introduction to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

A poster on the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP).

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 2: Setting the scene

Setting the scene for the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

Paper describing the scope, purpose, need and status of the CircumArctic Rangifer Monitoring and Assessment (CARMA) Network based on discussions from the first two official annual meetings.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.1: Sea ice biota

Sea ice biota chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering four Focal Ecosystem Components: Bacteria and Archaea, microalgae and other protists, meiofauna and under-ice macrofauna.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.2: Plankton

Plankton chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering four Focal Ecosystem Components: Bacteria and Archaea, microbial eukaryotes, phytoplankton, and zooplankton.

 


A broad assessment of community based monitoring for diverse audiences that explores different community based monitoring programs in an effort to highlight the best and most successful practices of each. It is also designed for use as a framework for custom-tailoring specific community-based monitoring projects, and as an application to monitoring efforts in non-Arctic regions.

 

Available in Chinese

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.3: Benthos

Benthos chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering two Focal Ecosystem Components: megafauna, and macrofauna.


A framework document for developing an integrated monitoring framework for seabirds.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.4: Marine fishes

Fishes chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering three Focal Ecosystem Components: Greenland halibut, polar cod and capelin.

This report provides an overview of the BSSN concept, its history, and the pilot project results. It informs the broader community of scientists, governments, and Arctic residents about the project’s findings and shares the lessons learned. The Bearing Sea Subnetwork Additionally offers a HTML version of the document. To look at the HTML version click here

 

 


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