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State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Key Findings and Advice for Monitoring

The State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report identifies trends in key marine species and points to important gaps in biodiversity monitoring efforts across key ecosystem components in: sea ice biota, plankton, benthos, marine fishes, seabirds and marine mammals. Changes in these species are likely to indicate changes in the overall marine environment.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.6: Marine mammals

Marine mammals chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering 11 Focal Ecosystem Components: walrus (Odobenus rosmarus), ringed seal (Pusa hispida) bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus), spotted seal (Phoca largha), ribbon seal (Phoca fasciata), harp seal (Phoca groenlandica) hooded seal (Cystophora cristata), beluga (Delphinapterus leucas), bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus), narwhal (Monodon monoceros), and polar bear (Ursus maritimus).

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.5: Seabirds

Seabirds chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering eight Focal Ecosystem Components: glaucous gull, ivory gull, least auklet, little auk, common murre, thick-billed murre, black-legged kittiwake, common eider.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.4: Marine fishes

Fishes chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering three Focal Ecosystem Components: Greenland halibut, polar cod and capelin.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.3: Benthos

Benthos chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering two Focal Ecosystem Components: megafauna, and macrofauna.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.2: Plankton

Plankton chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering four Focal Ecosystem Components: Bacteria and Archaea, microbial eukaryotes, phytoplankton, and zooplankton.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.1: Sea ice biota

Sea ice biota chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering four Focal Ecosystem Components: Bacteria and Archaea, microalgae and other protists, meiofauna and under-ice macrofauna.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 2: Setting the scene

Setting the scene for the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 1: Introduction

Introduction to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Key findings and advice for monitoring

Findings and advice for monitoring to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Cover and acknowledgements

Cover and acknowledgements to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Title and table of contents

Title and table of contents to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway.  

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Iceland. 

This atlas and guide presents results of the Russian American Long-Term Census of the Arctic (RUSALCA) fish investigations conducted by bottom trawl in the Pacific Arctic region northward from Bering Strait. Species accounts provide documentation of the biodiversity and geographic distribution baselines with maps supported by citation of voucher specimens, catch records, and literature; habitat and morphological descriptions; and remarks on taxonomic issues with implications from DNA barcoding. Pages of fish photographs with labeled features are grouped separately in an identification guide. 

This report describes the progress towards implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan in 2014 and a work plan for the coming year 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway. 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.

Mise en oeuvre du plan de surveillance de la biodiversité marine dans lArctique : mise à jour au Canada en 2012

This report describes the progress that has been made in 2014 to implement the CBMP Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

The Canadian Arctic Marine Biodiversity Plan (Canadian Marine Plan) is the Canadian contribution to the Arctic Council Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna’s Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program, Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

The overall objective of the Canadian Arctic Marine Biodiversity Plan (Canadian Marine Plan) is to improve our ability to detect and understand the causes of long-term changes in the structure and function of Canadian arctic marine ecosystems. The Canadian Marine Plan integrates existing scientific and community-based marine biodiversity data and information. 

Implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan began in late 2011, and this report describes the progress that has been made during the second year of implementation (2013).

This document identifies marine benthos monitoring possibilities amongst Atlantic Arctic nations by identifying time- and cost-effective possibilities.

 

 

List of Marine Fishes of the Arctic Region Annotated with Common Names and Zoogeographic Characterizations

This document details a list of Arctic marine fishes with geographical characterizations (e.g., arctic, arctic-boreal, boreal). The list contains the most common or officially recommended names in English, French, Norwegian and Russian.

This edition is being used by the CBMPMarine Fish Expert Network as a baseline document which will be revised form time to time to add new species, as they are discovered in the arctic region, and new languages.

Life Linked to Ice examines the consequences for biodiversity of the dramatic changes occurring to sea ice. It was prepared by the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna working group (CAFF), and both draws from and builds on Arctic Council assessments in order to present an overview of the state of knowledge about sea-ice-associated biodiversity. The report is intended as a briefing and reference document for policy makers.

Arctic Marine Areas of Heightened Ecological and Cultural Significance: Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment (AMSA) IIC

AMAP/CAFF/SDW G, 2013. Identification of Arctic marine areas of heightened ecological and cultural significance: Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment (AMSA) IIc. Oslo. 114 pp. 2013. Identification of Arctic marine areas of heightened ecological and cultural significance: Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment (AMSA) IIc

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 3, Mammals

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 6, Fishes

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 8, Marine Invertebrates

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 14, Marine Ecosystems

This one page summary (double-sided) provides an overview of the activities and progress made in 2012 to implement the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

This document details Canadian involvement in implementing the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in 2012.

 

For more on Canada's implementation of CBMP Marine, please visit the Canadian CBMP-Marine implementation website.

This issue of Ursus, Monograph Series Number 5, 2012 features a Circumpolar Monitoring Framework for Polar Bears produced by the the authors. CAFF facilitated the process.

Implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan began in late 2011, and this report describes the progress that has been made during the first year of implementation (2012).

A brochure highlighting the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

An in depth analysis of the marine data set in the Arctic Species Trend Index (ASTI) after a 2011 data revision and update.

A poster outlining the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Program. Intended for scientific and policy audiences.

The Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (CBMP-Marine Plan) is the first of the CBMP’s four pan-Arctic biodiversity monitoring plans. The overall goal of the CBMP-Marine Plan is to improve our ability to detect and understand the causes of long-term change in the composition, structure and function of Arctic marine ecosystems, as well as to develop authoritative assessments of key elements of Arctic marine biodiversity (e.g., key indicators, ecologically pivotal and/or other important taxa).

Twenty-two scientists, managers and community experts from the five Arctic polar bear nations, met in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, to help develop a pan-Arctic monitoring plan for polar bears as part of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF). 

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #21, Changes in Protected Areas

The status and trend of indicator species #21, changes in protected areas, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

The framework document for a coordinated circumpolar research and monitoring effort of polar bears.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #10, Arctic Sea Ice Ecosystems

>The status and trend of indicator species #10, Arctic sea-ice ecosystems, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #17, Impacts of Human Activities on Benthic Habitat

The status and trend of indicator species #17, impacts of human activities on benthic habitat, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

A Concept Paper prepared for CAFF that describes several species which depend on sea ice for essential life functions including foraging, reproduction, protection from predators and cold water immersion, a platform for traveling, resting, and nursing, as well as some species that associate with sea ice for parts of the year. This paper specifically discusses ice algae and protists, Arctic cod, ivory gulls, thick-billed murres, spectacled and king eiders, polar bears, ringed seals, bearded seals, walruses, narwhals, beluga whales and bowhead whales.

The background paper of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, highlighting the process and key elements to develop.

Findings of a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Marine Mammal Commission and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Valencia, Spain March 4-6, 2007.


A summary of international marine conservation instruments and national legislation of the six Arctic coastal states that border on the Arctic Ocean.


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