Monitoring Series

Access background papers, framework documents, monitoring plans, handbooks and more from the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP), its marine, terrestrial and freshwater groups and other networks and topics.

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All Monitoring Documents

Access all monitoring related documents from CAFF.

Marine Monitoring

Documents from the Marine Steering Group and Expert Networks of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Freshwater Monitoring

Documents from the Freshwater Steering Group and Expert Networks of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Terrestrial Monitoring

Documents from the Terrestrial Steering Group and Expert Networks of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Coastal Monitoring Documents from the Coastal Expert Monitoring Group of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). 
Community Based Monitoring

Access community based monitoring strategies, handbooks and more.

Protected Areas Monitoring

Access protected areas documents from the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program.(CBMP).

Data and Data Management

Data and data management documents from the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) and CAFF.

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INTERACT WP7 Improving and harmonizing biodiversity monitoring Rif workshop report

Interact WP7 reportcoverThe International Network for Terrestrial Research and Monitoring in the Arctic (INTERACT)
is an EU funded initiative working towards building capacity to help identify, understand,
predict and respond to environmental changes across the Arctic.
INTERACT Work Package (WP) 7 Improving and harmonizing biodiversity monitoring is led
by the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Arctic Council Working Group. The
overall goal of WP7 is to test the circumpolar Freshwater and Terrestrial Arctic biodiversity
monitoring plans of CAFFs cornerstone program, the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring
Program (CBMP), at INTERACT stations.
The goal of the CBMP monitoring plans is to harmonize and integrate efforts to monitor the
Arctic's living resources through a network of scientists, governments, Indigenous
organizations, and conservation groups. Through this harmonization and integration, the
monitoring plans facilitate more rapid detection, communication, and response to the
significant pressures affecting the circumpolar world.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report (full report)

The State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report (SAMBR) is a synthesis of the state of knowledge about biodiversity in Arctic marine ecosystems, detectable changes, and important gaps in our ability to assess state and trends in biodiversity across six focal ecosystem components (FECs): marine mammals, seabirds, marine fishes, benthos, plankton, and sea ice biota.

Arctic Traditional Knowledge and Wisdom: Changes in the North American Arctic

This report, written in large part by Arctic indigenous peoples, acknowledges the importance of including Arctic indigenous peoples Traditional Knowledge and Wisdom (TK&W) in scientific efforts to fully understand the nature of biodiversity and biodiversity changes in the North.

Arctic Freshwater Monitoring Plan Annual Report 2016

This report describes the progress over the past year to implement the CBMP Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Iceland, 2015-2016

A 2015-2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Iceland.

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Kingdom of Denmark, 2015-2016

A 2015-2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the Kingdom of Denmark.  

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Canada, 2015-2016

A 2015-2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada. 

Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) Coastal Expert Workshop Meeting Report, Ottawa, Canada, February 29-March 3, 2016

The full proceedings report of the Coastal Expert Monitoring Group's expert workshop in Ottawa, Canada, Feb. 29- March 3, 2016

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Annual Report 2016: Annual report on the implementation of the CBMP's Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan

This report describes the progress towards implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan in 2016 and a work plan for the coming year.

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Sweden, 2015-2016

A 2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Sweden. 

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: USA, 2015-2016

A 2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the USA. 

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway.  

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Iceland. 

This atlas and guide presents results of the Russian American Long-Term Census of the Arctic (RUSALCA) fish investigations conducted by bottom trawl in the Pacific Arctic region northward from Bering Strait. Species accounts provide documentation of the biodiversity and geographic distribution baselines with maps supported by citation of voucher specimens, catch records, and literature; habitat and morphological descriptions; and remarks on taxonomic issues with implications from DNA barcoding. Pages of fish photographs with labeled features are grouped separately in an identification guide. 

The proceedings of the Coastal Expert Monitoring Group's expert workshop in Ottawa, Canada, Feb. 29- March 3, 2016. The following document provides a summary of the workshop activities and outcomes, and will be followed by a more complete Workshop Report.

This report describes the progress over the past year to implement the CBMP Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway.

This background paper outlines how the CBMP's Coastal Plan will be created and develops a framework for integrated and cost-effective monitoring of Arctic coastal biodiversity.

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.  

This document summarizes the work of the Bering Sea Sub-Network (BSSN) II project, which provided a means for remote Indigenous villages around the Bering Sea to communicate their observations about the environment and subsistence harvest.

This report summarizes the initial set of satellite data products included in the CAFF Land Cover Change (LCC) Initiative. The LCC Initiative has been developed to harness the potential of remote sensing for use in Arctic biodiversity monitoring and assessment activities. 

A circumpolar plan to monitor seabird populations, created by CAFF's CBird Expert Group as part of the marine component of CAFF's Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program.

This report describes the progress towards implementation of the CBMP-Terrestrial Plan in 2014 and a work plan for the coming year  

This report describes the progress towards implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan in 2014 and a work plan for the coming year 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the Kingdom of Denmark.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the USA.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Sweden.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Iceland.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the USA. 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway. 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.

Mise en oeuvre du plan de surveillance de la biodiversité marine dans lArctique : mise à jour au Canada en 2012

A progress report of the Land Cover Change Index, an initiative to create a framework to harness remote sensing potential for use in Arctic biodiversity monitoring and assessment activities. This document reports on progress made in Phase 1 of this initiative 2013-2015.

An update on the activities and actions surrounding the implementation of the Arctic Biodiversity Data Service (ABDS).

A progress report to the Arctic Council Ministerial meeting, Iqaluit, Canada, April 2015 on CAFF's traditional knowledge and community-based monitoring work.

This report describes the progress that has been made in 2014 to implement the CBMP Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

The Canadian Arctic Marine Biodiversity Plan (Canadian Marine Plan) is the Canadian contribution to the Arctic Council Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna’s Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program, Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

The overall objective of the Canadian Arctic Marine Biodiversity Plan (Canadian Marine Plan) is to improve our ability to detect and understand the causes of long-term changes in the structure and function of Canadian arctic marine ecosystems. The Canadian Marine Plan integrates existing scientific and community-based marine biodiversity data and information. 

A brochure describing the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). 

Implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan began in late 2011, and this report describes the progress that has been made during the second year of implementation (2013).

This document details the background, purpose, development, structure and outcomes of the CBMP Terrestrial Steering Group meeting in Akureyri, Iceland February 2014 to implement the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

A brochure highlighting the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP)

This report describes the progress made since December 2012, when implementation of the CBMP-Freshwater Plan began.

This document identifies marine benthos monitoring possibilities amongst Atlantic Arctic nations by identifying time- and cost-effective possibilities.

 

 

Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan: scientific poster

This scientific poster, intended for presentations at conferences and meetings, provides an overview of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, including key management questions, benefits, and approach.

List of Marine Fishes of the Arctic Region Annotated with Common Names and Zoogeographic Characterizations

This document details a list of Arctic marine fishes with geographical characterizations (e.g., arctic, arctic-boreal, boreal). The list contains the most common or officially recommended names in English, French, Norwegian and Russian.

This edition is being used by the CBMPMarine Fish Expert Network as a baseline document which will be revised form time to time to add new species, as they are discovered in the arctic region, and new languages.

The CBMP Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group (CBMP-TEMG) has developed the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (CBMP-Terrestrial Plan/the Plan) as the framework for coordinated, long-term Arctic terrestrial biodiversity monitoring. The goal of the CBMP-Terrestrial Plan is to improve the collective ability of Arctic traditional knowledge (TK) holders, northern communities, and scientists to detect, understand and report on long-term change in Arctic terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity.

This next generation CBMP strategic plan will focus on continuing to implement those strategies while allowing for greater emphasis on interpretation, integration and communication of biodiversity information resulting from the CBMP Monitoring Plans. This plan outlines ongoing efforts to establish and maintain steering groups to implement the monitoring plans and manage and provide that information for ongoing and future assessments of Arctic biodiversity.

This scientific poster, intended for presentations at conferences and meetings, provides an overview of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, including the key questions, benefits, and approach.

This document details Canadian involvement in implementing the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in 2012.

 

For more on Canada's implementation of CBMP Marine, please visit the Canadian CBMP-Marine implementation website.

This issue of Ursus, Monograph Series Number 5, 2012 features a Circumpolar Monitoring Framework for Polar Bears produced by the the authors. CAFF facilitated the process.

This one page summary (double-sided) provides an overview of the activities and progress made in 2012 to implement the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

Implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan began in late 2011, and this report describes the progress that has been made during the first year of implementation (2012).

This document develops an Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (The Freshwater Plan) that details the rationale and framework for improvements related to the monitoring of freshwaters of the circumpolar Arctic, including ponds, lakes, their tributaries and associated wetlands, as well as rivers, their tributaries and associated wetlands. The monitoring framework aims to facilitate circumpolar assessments by providing Arctic countries with a structure and a set of guidelines for initiating and developing monitoring activities that employ common approaches and indicators. The Freshwater Plan is part of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) that is working with partners to harmonize and enhance long-term Arctic biodiversity monitoring efforts in order to facilitate more rapid detection, communication and response to significant trends and pressures.

Discussion results from a joint meeting between AMAP and CAFF to discuss coordinated monitoring efforts.

This report provides an overview of porposals made by CAFF countries for new and/or enlarged protected areas in the Arctic.

An assessment on the status of protected areas in the Arctic, as of 1994.

Discusses the history, purpose, approach perpectives, development and action plan for the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Arctic Birds Bulletin 2010

A newsletter of the Arctic Birds Breeding Conditions Survey (ABBCS).

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #21, Changes in Protected Areas

The status and trend of indicator species #21, changes in protected areas, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #08, The Arctic Species Trend Index

The status and trend of indicator species #8, The Arctic Species Trend Index.

Proposals from the Sustaining Arctic Observing Network (SAON) Steering Group on how to incorporate community based monitoring and traditional knowledge into the SAON process.

This paper reviews the principles, mechanisms and criteria used by CAFF countries to establish protected areas.

This report compiles information on proposed protected areas and an analysis of gaps in the network of existing and proposed protected areas using Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques.

The overall goal of the workshop was to identify possible synergies between organisations and networks working with Arctic terrestrial biodiversity, and to agree on common actions to improve the collaboration and communication (see appendix 1 and 2 for further information about agenda and participants).

Proceedings of the first Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group workshop to develop a multidisciplinary, integrated, pan-Arctic, long-term terrestrial biodiversity monitoring plan. 

The goal of the workshop was (i) for selected protected area experts and practitioners to discuss relevant arctic protected areas issues and opportunities for coordinated approaches to biodiversity monitoring, (2) to review the provide opportunity for all Arctic Council country and permanent participants to share key monitoring considerations for the group to address; (3)and provide direction and enhancements to the draft protected area discussion paper in preparation for the development of an arctic protected area monitoring framework.

Twenty-two scientists, managers and community experts from the five Arctic polar bear nations, met in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, to help develop a pan-Arctic monitoring plan for polar bears as part of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF). 

A summary of the outcomes of the first international meeting of the Freshwater Expert Monitoring Group (FEMG) of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP).

A meeting to discuss the implementation of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP, intended to detect changes in the natural environment, provide an early warning system, contribute to development and evaluation of national monitoring plans; and provide for timely and cost-effective sharing of information to Arctic and non-Arctic users.

CAFF/AMAP Workshop on Climate Change: Rovaniemi, Finland: March 24-25, 1998 was held so that the two programs could jointly discuss the potential impacts of climate change on the Arctic and provide holistic recommendations to the Arctic Council.

CAFF/AMAP Workshop on a Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program: Reykjavik, Iceland: February 7-9, 2000 was held to advance work on biodiversity and climate change montioring in the circumpolar Arctic.


A document designed to coordinate monitoring activities of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) and the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP), as both working groups of the Arctic Council have vested interests in the biological effects of various impact factos including climate change.

Proposes objectives, means, details of data ownership, and initial analytical tools of sharing seabird information across the Arctic on the internet to improve conservation efforts by providing a tool to analize seabird status and trends information on a circumpolar scale.

A Strategy for Developing Indices and Indicators to Track Status and Trends in Arctic Biodiversity

A strategy for developing indices and indicators for monitoring Arctic biodiversity in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). Targeted and consistent reporting will help meet the program's information and communication needs.  

Available in Russian / на русском языке

The concept paper behind the International Arctic Vegetation Database (IAVD), and international project to produce a complete database on vascular plants, bryophytes and liches that exist in the Arctic.

Highlights potential cooperative actions between CAFF and Wetlands international with a focus on inclusion of Wetland International's global and flyway initiatives in the Circumpolar Biodiversity monitoring Program (CBMP).

Lessons learned from the ECORA project, acase study to adopt and implement integrated ecosystem management strategies and action plans in three Model Areas representing different ecosystems and anthropogenic pressures in Russia.

ECORA: An Integrated Ecosystems Management Approach to Conserve Biodiversity and Minimise Habitat Fragmentation in Three Selected Model Areas in the Russian Arctic

The ECORA project aimed to secure the integrity of some of the world’s last remaining pristine areas and support the livelihoods of indigenous and local peoples. The development objective of the project was the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the Russian Arctic. The immediate objective was the adoption and initial implementation of integrated ecosystem management strategies and action plans in three Model Areas representing different ecosystems and anthropogenic pressures.

Available in Russian/на русском языке

A Strategy for Facilitating and Developing Community-based Monitoring: Approaches in Arctic Biodiversity Monitoring

A strategy for integrating Arctic community-based monitroing efforts into the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). 

Available in Russian / на русском языке

The CBVM intends to produce an internationally agreed upon circumboreal vegetation map with a common legend and language for use in decision making.

This discussion paper outlines ideas for bringing all efforts at monitoring biodiversity in the Arctic together, allowing for better coordination in implementing the programmes, and for more coordinated analysis of the results.

Descriptions of the natural physical, natural ecological, economic, cultural, subsistence use, educations, landscape, societal, scientific and recreational values of Arctic protected areas.


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