Long-term monitoring programs on benthic fauna are missing for large areas of the Arctic. In areas where repeated monitoring has occurred, it is difficult to compare data due to different sampling approaches and different targets of monitoring efforts. There is a need for an international standardization of long- term benthic monitoring.

The CBMP Benthos Expert Network has identified potential ways to improve benthic monitoring coverage, with details identified in their report "The Atlantic Gateway proposal of a standardized long term monitoring of benthos".

The coverage of scientific trawl stations from the Atlantic countries: Norway, Island, Faroe Island and Greenland. This station grid will cover AMA 1 and 2 and LME 1-5, 16 (see Box 1 below). Today only Norway/Russia has, since 2006, identifying the entire trawl catch including the epibenthic megafauna in the Barents Sea. Click to access high resolution file from the Arctic Biodiversity Data Service

The Bethos Expert Network also produced a Pan Arctic operational baseline map containing stratified depth data across different regions of the Artctic. The CAFF Secretariat will work with responsible Arctic agencies to update the map with relevant data to better convey benthic monitoring efforts and information. 

Pan Arctic depth strata map with territorial borders. In order to develop this map into a operational baseline map, relevant numbers or indexes can be entered into each depth strata by responsible country. Click to access high resolution file from the Arctic Biodiversity Data Service.


Benthos Scientific Publications List


Certain, G., Jørgensen, L.L., Christel, I., Planque, B., Vinceny, B. (2015). Mapping the vulnerability of animal community to pressure in marine systems: Disentangling impact types and integrating their effect from the individual to the community level. ICES Journal of Marine Research doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsv003.

Cobb D.G., Roy V., Link H., Archambault P (in press). Information to support the re-assessment of original ecologically and biologically significant areas (EBSAs) in the Beaufort Sea Large Ocean Management Area. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2014/nnn.

Divine LM, Iken K, Bluhm BA (in review) Regional benthic food web structure on the Alaskan Beaufort Sea shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series.

Jørgensen LL, Archambault P, Armstrong C, Dolgov A, Edinger E, Gilchrist G, Hildebrand J, Piepenburg D, Smith W, Quillfeldt C, Vecchione M, Bjørge A (in review). Arctic Marine Biodiversity (chap 36G). In: Global Integrated Marine Assessment under the Regular Process for Global Reporting and Assessment of the State of the Marine Environment, including Socioeconomic Aspects R12; the World Ocean Assessment I.

Jørgensen LL, Planque, B., Thangstad, TH, Certain, G. (accepted with changes) Vulnerability of megabenthic species to trawling in the Barents Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science; Special issue on Trawling Impact.

Roy R, Iken K, Gosselin M, Tremblay J-É, Bélanger S, Archambault P (in review) Benthic food-web responses to marine biological productivity and depth across the Canadian Arctic. Deep-Sea Research Part I

Roy R, Iken K, Archambault P (in review) Regional variability of megabenthic community structure across the Canadian Arctic. Arctic.

Roy V., Archambault P., Conlan K., Hendrycks E., Aitken A. (in review) Predictive models of macrobenthos patterns in the southeastern Beaufort Sea and Amundsen Gulf. Journal of Marine Systems.

Tu KL, Blanchard AL, Iken K, Horstmann-Dehn L (in press) Small-scale variability in benthic food webs in the northeastern Chukchi Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series. Doi: 10.3354/meps11216


Denisenko.SGDenisenko NV, Sukhotin AA Conference Paper. Monitoring of benthic biodiversity in the Pechora Sea (SE Barents Sea) as conservation of population of endangered species such as Atlantic walrus (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus).The Arctic Biodiversity Congress, Trondheim, Norway; 12/2014

Denisenko NV (2014) Deep-sea fauna of European seas: An Annotated species check-list of benthic invertebrates living deeper than 2000m in the seas bordering Europe. BryozoaInvertebtate Zoology, 11(1):89-98.

Goldsmit J, Howland KL, Archambault P (2014) Establishing a baseline for early detection of non-indigenous species in ports of the Canadian ArcticAquatic Invasions, 9(3): 327-342.

Jørgensen LL, Ljubin,P, Degen,R, Lacharite M., (2014) The Barents Sea Long Term Monitoring Plan for multiple stressors on Benthic Mega-Fauna. Oral presentation at the Arctic Biodiversity Congress Dec 2014, Trondheim, Norway.

Jørgensen LL, Ljubin P, Skjoldal HR, Ingvaldsen RB, Anisimova N, Manushin I. (2014) Distribution of benthic megafauna in the Barents Sea: baseline for an ecosystem approach to management. ICES J Mar Sci.

Nephin J, Juniper SK, Archambault P (2014) Diversity, Abundance and Community Structure of Benthic Macro- and Megafauna on the Beaufort Shelf andSlopePloS One.

Roy V, Iken K, Archambault P (2014) Environmental drivers of the Canadian Arctic mega-epibenthic communities. PLoS ONE 9(7): e100900.



Denisenko S.G., Zgurovskyb K.A. (eds) 2013. Impact of bottom trawling on benthic ecosystem of the Barents Sea and the possibility of reducing the negative effects. Murmansk. WWF. 52 p. (In Russian)

Denisenko SG (2013) Biodiversity and bio-resources of macrozoobethos of the Barents Sea. Structure and multy-years variations. Saint-Petersburg: Nauka. 283pp (In Russian)

Iken K, Bluhm BA, Søreide JE (2013) Arctic benthic communities. Arctic Report Card Update for 2013. NOAA Arctic Report Card.

Josefson AB, Mokievsky V, Bergmann M, Blicher MEBluhm B, Cochrane S, Denisenko NV, Hasemann C, Jørgensen LL, Klages M, Schewe I, Sejr MK, Soltwedel T, Wesławski JM, Włodarska-Kowalczuk M (2013) Marine invertebrates, chapter 8. In: Arctic Biodiversity Assessment, Status and Trends in Arctic Biodiversity. CAFF. 2013, Akureyri, Iceland.

Michalsen K, Dalpadado P, Eriksen E, Gjøsæter H, Ingvaldsen RB, Johannesen E, Jørgensen LL, Knutsen T, Prozorkevich D, Skern-Mauritzen M (2013) Marine living resources of the Barents Sea R11; Ecosystem understanding and monitoring in a climate change perspective. Marine Biology Research 9: 932-947





Virginie Roy
Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Philippe Archambault
Université Laval

see also the Department of Fisheries and Oceans 



Steinunn Hilma Ólafsdóttir

Icelandic Institute of Natural History

Faroe Islands

Jan Sørensen
Kaldbak Marine Biological Laboratory  


 Martin Blicher
Greenland Institute of Natural Resources


Lis Lindal Jørgensen
Institute of Marine Research


Stanislav Denisenko and Nina Denisenko
Russian Academy of Sciences 


 Katrin Iken
University of Alaska Fairbanks


Monika Kedra
Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences



Dieter Piepenburg

Alfred Wegener Insititute, Helmholtz Centre for Poalr and marine Research

 * indicates current lead(s)


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