Expert Group Documents

Expert Group Documents

Documents from CAFF's Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird), CAFF's Flora Group (CFG) and the Circumpolar Protected Areas Network (CPAN)

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All Expert Group Documents

Access all expert group documents from CAFF.

Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird)

Documents from the Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group (CBird).

CAFF's Flora Group (CFG)

Documents from CAFF's Flora Group (CFG).

Circumpolar Protected Areas Network (CPAN)

Access documents from the Circumpolar Protected Areas, active from 1996-2010.

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Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Classification in Phytocoenologia

Reference: Walker, Donald A.; Daniëls, Fred J.A.; Matveyeva, Nadezhda V.; `ibík, Jozef; Walker, Marilyn D.; Breen, Amy L.; Druckenmiller, Lisa A.; Raynolds, Martha K.; Bültmann, Helga; Hennekens, Stephan; Buchhorn, Marcel; Epstein, Howard E.; Ermokhina, Ksenia; Fosaa, Anna M.; Heimarsson, Starri; Heim, Birgit; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg S.; Koroleva, Natalia; Lévesque, Esther; MacKenzie, William H.; Henry, Greg H.R.; Nilsen, Lennart; Peet, Robert; Razzhivin, Volodya; Talbot, Stephen S.; Telyatnikov, Mikhail; Thannheiser, Dietbert; Webber, Patrick J.; Wirth, Lisa M. 2017. Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Classification. Phytocoenologia. DOI: 10.1127/phyto/2017/0192

Arctic Migratory Birds Initiative (AMBI) Circumpolar Flyway Scientific Poster

Provides a summary overview of the Arctic Migratory Birds Initiative (AMBI) Circumpolar Flyway in a scientific poster.

The Alaska-Yukon Region of the Circumboreal Vegetation Map (CBVM)

The Circumboreal Vegetation Mapping (CBVM) project is an international collaboration among vegetation scientists to create a new vegetation map of the boreal region at a 1:7.5 million scale with a common legend and mapping protocol. This report and map contributes to the CBVM effort by developing maps of bioclimatic zones, geographic sectors with similar floristic variability, and vegetation in boreal Alaska, Yukon, northwestern British Columbia, and a mountainous portion of southwest Northwest Territoriestermed the Alaska-Yukon region. It further develops the mapping from the initial classification and proto-type mapping efforts for southwestern Alaska and western Canada to this broader area.

Circumpolar Seabird Monitoring Plan

A circumpolar plan to monitor seabird populations, created by CAFF's CBird Expert Group as part of the marine component of CAFF's Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program.

Proceedings of the Alaska Arctic Vegetation Archive Workshop: Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A. October 14-16, 2013

This document contains 20 abstracts from papers presented by scientists at the Alaskan Arctic Vegetation Archive meeting in Boulder, Colorado 14-16 October, 2014.

Arctic Vegetation Archive (AVA) Workshop: Krakow, Poland, April 14-16, 2013

Proceedings of the Arctic Vegetation Archive to develop a global database of Arctic vegetation plots.

Synthesis of the Circumboreal Vegetation Mapping (CBVM) legend discussion in Vladivostok, Russia , September 23- October 4, 2012

As part of the East Asian Flora Symposium, that took place in Vladivostok, Russia, from September 23 to 27 in 2012, a CBVM session was held on Thursday September 27. This documents provides a summary of the discussions and presentations.

CFG/CBVM Proceedings of the 7th International CFG Workshop: Akureyri, Iceland: January 28- February 3, 2011

A compilation of workshop papers, abstracts and summaries of the Circumboreal Vegetation Map (CBVM), the Global Research Initiative in Alpine Environments (GLORIA), the International Arctic Vegetation Database (IAVD), the red list of vascular plants and development of the Arctic Plant Portal.

CFG Second International Workshop on Circumpolar Vegetation Classification and Mapping

A list of abstracts and discussion from presentations during the Second International Workshop on Circumpolar Vegetation Classification and Mapping workshop.

Arctic Seabirds Breeding in the African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) Area: Status and Trends 2014

This report summarizes population status and trends for 19 populations of Arctic seabirds within the AEWA area. It is a 2014 update of the 2011 CAFF report that was compiled as an input to the 2012 African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) Report on the Conservation Status of Migratory Birds in the Agreement Area (abbreviated Conservation Status Report, CSR) being prepared by Wetlands International 

CAFF Expert Group Charters (CFG, CPAN and CBird)

Outlines the goals, objectives, and descriptions of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Expert Working Groups: CAFF's Flora Group (CFG), the Circumpolar Seabird Working Group (CBird), the Circumpolar Protected Areas Network (CPAN).

Workshop on Conservation of Migratory Arctic Birds: Songli, Norway: September 10-11, 2000

A summary report produced by Wetlands International of the CAFF Workshop on Migratory Arctic Birds, Songli, Norway, September 10-11, 2000. The workshop aimed to facilitate improved co-ordination and collaboration among Arctic countries sharing migratory bird species and/or populations with those countries outside the Arctic that are responsible for Arctic breeding birds during the non-breeding season.

CPAN Strategy and Action Plan

This document will faciliatate the implementation of initiatives under the Circumpolar Portected Areas Network (CPAN) to establish an adequate and well managed network of protected areas that have a high probability of maintainng the dynmaic biodiversity of the Arctic region in perpetuity.

CPAN Progress Report 1997

The first progress report from the Circumpolar Protected Areas Network (CPAN).

CPAN Principles and Guidelines

Principles and guidelines to facilitate a common regional approach to area protection among the eight Arctic countries and to selecting and designing important sites within the Arctic.

CPAN Country Updates Report 2004

An update report describing actions taken by the CAFF countries to establish new protected areas since the publication of the 1997 CPAN Progress Report.

CPAN Charter

The CPAN Charter, idnetifying the goals, objectives and administration of CAFF's protected areas expert working group.

CFG Progress Report 2006


A report to the CAFF Board on the progress of CFG activities during 2006.

CFG Progress Report 2003

A report to the CAFF Board detailing the progress of CFG activities during 2003. 

CFG Progress Report 2002

A report to the CAFF Board detailing progress on CFG activities during 2002.

CFG Progress Report 2005

A progress report for the CAFF Board summarizing CFG's 2005 activities.

CBird Progress Report VIII: Anchorage, U.S.A.: January 14-18, 2002

The proceedings from the eighth CBird meeting in Anchorage, Alaska, U.S.A.

CBird Bulletin #2

The CBird newsletter, a tool for exchanging seabird information and publishing summaries of CBird activities.

Gap Analysis in Support of CPAN: The Russian Arctic

This report is a technical account of a Gap Analysis Project conducted for the Russian Arctic in 1997-1999 in support of the Circumpolar Protected Areas Network (CPAN) of CAFF. It updates the status and spatial distribution of protected areas within the CAFF area of the Russian Federation and provides, in 22 GIs based maps and several data sets, a wealth of information relevant for present and future management decisions related to habitat conservation in the Russian Arctic.

Proposed Protected Areas in the Circumpolar Arctic 1996

This report provides an overview of porposals made by CAFF countries for new and/or enlarged protected areas in the Arctic.

The State of Protected Areas in the Circumpolar Arctic 1994

An assessment on the status of protected areas in the Arctic, as of 1994.

Atlas of Rare Endemic Vascular plants of the Arctic

This documents the vascular flora of the Arctic to identify rare taxa endemic to the region, establish an annotated list of these taxa, and determine the level of protection currently afforded these plants.

CFG First International Workshop: Uppsala, Sweden: March 27-29, 2001

A compilation of abstractis, charter and recommendations presented at the CFG First International Workshop: Uppsala, Sweden: March 27-29, 2001.

CFG Fourth International Workshop: Tórhsavn, Faroe Islands: May 15-18, 2007

A compilation of abstracts presented at the meeting on topics including the Circumboreal Vegetation Map (CBVM), database generation, GLORIA, and the CircumArctic Vegetation Map (CAVM).

CFG-CBVM International Meeting: Uppsala, Sweden: April 1-3, 2009

A compilation of abstracts presented at the meeting on topics including the Circumboreal Vegetation Mapping (CBVM) project, Red Lists, and database development.

CFG-CBVM Fifth International Workshop Proceedings: Helsinki, Finland: November 3-6, 2008

A compilation of abstracts, charter and recommendations on the Circumboreal Vegetation Map (CBVM).

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #21, Changes in Protected Areas

The status and trend of indicator species #21, changes in protected areas, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #19, Seabird Harvest

The status and trend of indicator species #19, seabird harvest, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Seabird Information Network: Concept Paper

Proposes objectives, means, details of data ownership, and initial analytical tools of sharing seabird information across the Arctic on the internet to improve conservation efforts by providing a tool to analize seabird status and trends information on a circumpolar scale.

International Murre Conservation Strategy and Action Plan

A report that aims to facilitate circumpolar implementation of initiatives to conserve, protect and restore murre populations in the Arctic.

International Ivory Gull Conservation Strategy and Action Plan

An Internaitonal Ivory Gull Conservation Strategy and Action Plan developed to gain more insight into how this under-studied bird responds to increasing threats from disappearance of sea ice habitat, natural resource exploration and increased contaminant loads and to facilitate circumpolar implementation of initiatives to conserve and protect the Ivory Gull in the circumpolar Arctic.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #12, Reproductive Phenology in Terrestrial Ecosystems

The status and trend of indicator species #12, reproductive phenology in terrestrial ecosystem, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #11, Greening of the Arctic

The status and trend of indicator species #11, greening of the Arctic, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

International Arctic Vegetation Database (IAVD): A Foundation for Pan-Arctic biodiversity Studies Concept Paper

The concept paper behind the International Arctic Vegetation Database (IAVD), and international project to produce a complete database on vascular plants, bryophytes and liches that exist in the Arctic.

Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan

Drastic decline in eider populations, combined with their circumpolar distribution, increased hunting pressures and cultural significance led CBird to develop a Circumpolar Eider Conservation Strategy and Action Plan to facilitate circumpolar efforts to conserve, protect and restore eider populations.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #05, Seabirds - Common Eider

The status and trend of indicator species #5, seabirds - common eider, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #04, Seabirds - Murres, Guillemots

The status and trend of indicator species #4, seabirds - murre/guillemots, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Circumboreal Vegetation Map (CBVM): Mapping the Green Halo Concept Paper

The CBVM intends to produce an internationally agreed upon circumboreal vegetation map with a common legend and language for use in decision making.

Seabird Harvest in the Arctic

As assessment of seabird harvest in the Arctic by the Circumpolar Seabird Group (CBird).

National Principles and Mechanisms for Protected Areas in the Arctic Countires

This paper reviews the principles, mechanisms and criteria used by CAFF countries to establish protected areas.

Gaps in Habitat Protected in the Circumpolar Arctic: A Preliminary Analysis

This report compiles information on proposed protected areas and an analysis of gaps in the network of existing and proposed protected areas using Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques.

Incidental Take of Seabirds in Commercial Fisheries in the Arctic Countries

This report introduces the topic of incidental take of seabirds in commercial fisheries and describes the fisheries industries, seabird bycatch and impacts in Alaska (U.S.A.), Canada, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway and Russia, and provides national recommendations.

Human Disturbance at Seabird Colonies

The report analyzes various human activities and the disturbances they may cause in Arctic seabird colonies and makes recommendations to reduce the harm in such activities.

Global Overview of the Conservation of Migratory Arctic Breeding Birds Outside the Arctic

This report describes the migratory birds of the Arctic, their migration systems, and how they are already protected under international legislation when they leave the Arctic.

Workshop on Seabird Incidental Catch in the Waters of Arctic Countries

The CAFF Working Group of the Arctic Council hosted this workshop on the incidental catch of seabirds in the waters of Arctic countries in response to recommendations put forth in the recent CAFF Technical Report No. 1 entitled Incidental Take of Seabirds in Commercial Fisheries in the Arctic Countries. A second focus of the workshop was longline incidental catch, in response to The International Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries a voluntary instrument of the FAO.

Seabird Harvest Regimes in the Circumpolar Nations


This technical report introduces the topic of seabird harvest regimes and describes the seabird harvest regimes and impacts in Alaska (U.S.A.), Canada, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway and Russia, and provides national recommendations.

Values of Arctic Protected Areas: A Summary

Descriptions of the natural physical, natural ecological, economic, cultural, subsistence use, educations, landscape, societal, scientific and recreational values of Arctic protected areas.

Protected Areas of the Arctic: Conserving a Full Range of Values

A report discussing the multitude of values found in Arctic protected areas. It presents case studies that demonstrate how protected areas conserve such values.

Distribution of Murres Outside the Breeding Season: Circumpolar Murre Banding Program

A description for a cooperative banding program project between the Arctic countries.

Aleut Ethnobotany: An Annotated Bibliography

An initial examination of the literature pertaining to the traditional, historical, and contemporary Aleut use of plant resources.

Pan-Arctic Checklist of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi

A total checklist of lichens and lichenicolous fungi in the circumpolar Arctic and a preliminary list of rare and endemic lichens.

Arctic Seabirds Breeding in the African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) Area: Status and Trends

A summary of the population status and trends for 19 populations of Arctic seabirds.

Framework for a Circumpolar Arctic Seabird Monitoring Network


A framework document for developing an integrated monitoring framework for seabirds.


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