Assessment Series

Assessment Series

The latest CAFF Assessment reports and findings, including the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment, the Arctic Species Trend Index (ASTI) and more.

Sub Categories

All Assessment Documents

All CAFF assessment documents.

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment

Documents from the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment.

Arctic Species Trend Index

Assessments from the Arctic Species Trend Index.

Sea Ice Associated Biodiversity Assessment

Access documents from the Arctic Sea Ice Associated Biodiversity Assessment.

Protected and Important Areas

 Access documents pertaining to protected and important areas.

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Seabird Harvest in the Arctic

As assessment of seabird harvest in the Arctic by the Circumpolar Seabird Group (CBird).

Arctic Sea ice Ecosystem: A Summary of Species that Depend on and Associate with Sea ice and Projected Impacts from Sea Ice Changes

A Concept Paper prepared for CAFF that describes several species which depend on sea ice for essential life functions including foraging, reproduction, protection from predators and cold water immersion, a platform for traveling, resting, and nursing, as well as some species that associate with sea ice for parts of the year. This paper specifically discusses ice algae and protists, Arctic cod, ivory gulls, thick-billed murres, spectacled and king eiders, polar bears, ringed seals, bearded seals, walruses, narwhals, beluga whales and bowhead whales.

National Principles and Mechanisms for Protected Areas in the Arctic Countires

This paper reviews the principles, mechanisms and criteria used by CAFF countries to establish protected areas.

Gaps in Habitat Protected in the Circumpolar Arctic: A Preliminary Analysis

This report compiles information on proposed protected areas and an analysis of gaps in the network of existing and proposed protected areas using Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques.

Experts Workshop on Sea Ice Associated Biodiversity: Vancouver, Canada: March 22-24, 2011

Workshop goals were to: outline past trends and the current situation for sea ice-associated biodiversity and project what might happen in the future; consider issues facing sea ice-associated biodiversity and what actions might be required to adapt to or mitigate the effects of reduced availability of Arctic sea ice; outline a technical report on the effects of sea ice loss on ice-associated biodiversity and determine next steps.

Incidental Take of Seabirds in Commercial Fisheries in the Arctic Countries

This report introduces the topic of incidental take of seabirds in commercial fisheries and describes the fisheries industries, seabird bycatch and impacts in Alaska (U.S.A.), Canada, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway and Russia, and provides national recommendations.

Human Disturbance at Seabird Colonies

The report analyzes various human activities and the disturbances they may cause in Arctic seabird colonies and makes recommendations to reduce the harm in such activities.

Global Overview of the Conservation of Migratory Arctic Breeding Birds Outside the Arctic

This report describes the migratory birds of the Arctic, their migration systems, and how they are already protected under international legislation when they leave the Arctic.

Workshop on Seabird Incidental Catch in the Waters of Arctic Countries

The CAFF Working Group of the Arctic Council hosted this workshop on the incidental catch of seabirds in the waters of Arctic countries in response to recommendations put forth in the recent CAFF Technical Report No. 1 entitled Incidental Take of Seabirds in Commercial Fisheries in the Arctic Countries. A second focus of the workshop was longline incidental catch, in response to The International Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries a voluntary instrument of the FAO.

A Summary of Legal Instruments and National Frameworks for Arctic Marine Conservation


A summary of international marine conservation instruments and national legislation of the six Arctic coastal states that border on the Arctic Ocean.

Seabird Harvest Regimes in the Circumpolar Nations


This technical report introduces the topic of seabird harvest regimes and describes the seabird harvest regimes and impacts in Alaska (U.S.A.), Canada, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway and Russia, and provides national recommendations.

Values of Arctic Protected Areas: A Summary

Descriptions of the natural physical, natural ecological, economic, cultural, subsistence use, educations, landscape, societal, scientific and recreational values of Arctic protected areas.

Protected Areas of the Arctic: Conserving a Full Range of Values

A report discussing the multitude of values found in Arctic protected areas. It presents case studies that demonstrate how protected areas conserve such values.

Arctic Flora and Fauna Status and Trends: Recommendations for Conservation

A series of thematic goals and recommendations arising from Arctic Flora and Fauna: Status and Conservation, the science-based overview of Arctic biodiversity and key conservation issues.

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) Scientific Report

The 1042 page scientific report of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, a major international project to evaluate and synthesize knowledge on climate variability, climate change, and increased ultraviolet radiation and their consequences.

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment: Policy Document

Policy advice on the findings of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA).

Distribution of Murres Outside the Breeding Season: Circumpolar Murre Banding Program

A description for a cooperative banding program project between the Arctic countries.

The Conservation Value of Sacred Sites of Indigenous People of the Arctic: A Case Study in Northern Russia

A report arguing for the holistic approach to sacred sites management by exploring case studies in the Yamal and Koryak Autonomous Okrus.

Aleut Ethnobotany: An Annotated Bibliography

An initial examination of the literature pertaining to the traditional, historical, and contemporary Aleut use of plant resources.

Pan-Arctic Checklist of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi

A total checklist of lichens and lichenicolous fungi in the circumpolar Arctic and a preliminary list of rare and endemic lichens.

Arctic Seabirds Breeding in the African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) Area: Status and Trends

A summary of the population status and trends for 19 populations of Arctic seabirds.

Arctic Species Trend Index 2010: Tracking Trends in Arctic Wildlife

A 2010 analysis of the Arctic Species Trend Index (ASTI) dataset, an index used to track trend in Arctic fish, mammals and birds.

Arctic Species Trend Index: Key Findings from an In-depth Look at Marine Species and Development of Spatial Analysis Techniques

Key findings from the 2011 analysis of the Arctic Species Trend Index, focussing on the marine ecosystem and spatial analysis techniques after the dataset underwent revisions and updates.

Arctic Species Trend Index: Tracking Trends in Arctic Marine Populations

An in depth analysis of the marine data set in the Arctic Species Trend Index (ASTI) after a 2011 data revision and update.

Arctic Species Trend Index: Tracking Trends in Arctic Vertebrate Populations Through Space and Time

The 2011 exploration of spatial biodiversity data analysis techniques using the Arctic Species Trend Index data set.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Cover and acknowledgements

Cover and acknowledgements to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Title and table of contents

Title and table of contents to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Key findings and advice for monitoring

Findings and advice for monitoring to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 1: Introduction

Introduction to the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 2: Setting the scene

Setting the scene for the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.1: Sea ice biota

Sea ice biota chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering four Focal Ecosystem Components: Bacteria and Archaea, microalgae and other protists, meiofauna and under-ice macrofauna.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.2: Plankton

Plankton chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering four Focal Ecosystem Components: Bacteria and Archaea, microbial eukaryotes, phytoplankton, and zooplankton.

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.3: Benthos

Benthos chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering two Focal Ecosystem Components: megafauna, and macrofauna.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.4: Marine fishes

Fishes chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering three Focal Ecosystem Components: Greenland halibut, polar cod and capelin.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.5: Seabirds

Seabirds chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering eight Focal Ecosystem Components: glaucous gull, ivory gull, least auklet, little auk, common murre, thick-billed murre, black-legged kittiwake, common eider.

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: chapter 3.6: Marine mammals

Marine mammals chapter of the State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report covering 11 Focal Ecosystem Components: walrus (Odobenus rosmarus), ringed seal (Pusa hispida) bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus), spotted seal (Phoca largha), ribbon seal (Phoca fasciata), harp seal (Phoca groenlandica) hooded seal (Cystophora cristata), beluga (Delphinapterus leucas), bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus), narwhal (Monodon monoceros), and polar bear (Ursus maritimus).

 

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report: Key Findings and Advice for Monitoring

The State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report identifies trends in key marine species and points to important gaps in biodiversity monitoring efforts across key ecosystem components in: sea ice biota, plankton, benthos, marine fishes, seabirds and marine mammals. Changes in these species are likely to indicate changes in the overall marine environment.


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