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CAFF is the biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council

State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report what's happening in the Arctic's oceans?

Bearded seal. Audun Rikardsen

Protected Areas Index update on protected areas in the Arctic

Arctic Invasive Alien Species (ARIAS) Strategy and Action Plan

Brown rat. Jean-Jacques Boujot/Flickr.com

Arctic Migratory Birds Initiative (AMBI) saving Arctic birds

Photo: Morten Ekker

Educational resources Educational toolkits for children and teachers

Actions for Arctic Biodiversity 2013-2021 implementing the recommendations from the ABA

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Latest News

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Arctic Biodiversity Assessment status and trends

Photo: Carsten Egevang/ARC-PIC.com


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The average population of Arctic species increased by 16% between 1970 and 2004

however, this is not consistent across biomes, regions, and taxa. (Source: ASTI 2010)


High Arctic species populations have decreased by an average of 26% between 1970 and 2004.

(Source: ASTI 2010)



Of the 21 Northern languages that have gone extinct, 48% of those have disappeared since 1990.

This indicates an increasing rate of language extinction. (Source: ABA 2013)



More than 50% of the world's wetlands are in the Arctic and sub-Arctic

Wetlands are important for carbon storage and water cycling. (Source: ABA 2013)



The ivory gull, a high Arctic species has decreased by 80% (since the 1980s)

on its Canadian range. (Source: ABA 2013)



Polar bears are affected by decreasing sea ice

The global population of polar bears is predicted to decrease by 30% in the next 45 years. (Source: ABA 2013)


June 10, 2013, Anchorage, Alaska - Today, the Secretariats of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) and the Partnership for the East Asian-Australasian Flyway (EAAFP) signed a Resolution of Cooperation to better coordinate efforts to promote and protect birds along a migratory flywaythat is home to over 50 million waterbirds. 

The East Asia-Australasian Flyway is a major waterbird migratory route. It extends from the Arctic Circle in Russia and Alaska, southwards through East and South-east Asia, to Australia and New Zealand in the south, encompassing 22 countries. The flyway contains the migratory passage of 33 globally threatened species as designated by IUCN.  Migratory waterbirds – shorebirds, ducks, swans, geese and cranes – share this flyway with 45 percent of the world's human population, and some species are under threatas a result of human activities including habitat alteration and destruction. According to the last Arctic Report Card, Arctic wader populations plummeted for eleven of the 32 species assessed including Eastern Curlew, Great Knot, Red Knot and Bar-tailed Godwit. Scientists do not know enough about current or past populations to determine a trend for the remaining 21 Arctic species.

The remaining populations of some of the most-at-risk Arctic bird specieslive in this flyway, including for example the Spoon-billed Sandpiper, a Critically Endangered shorebird facing imminent extinction. This bird breeds in Chukotka, Russia and passes through coastal wetlands in China while migrating to wintering grounds in South-east Asia.

According to the recently published Arctic Biodiversity Assessment, during the last 30 years, the number of Spoon-billed Sandpipers has decreased dramatically from about 6,000 breeding pairs to just a few hundred pairs. Besides loss of habitat in staging and wintering areas, the most critical cause of the decline appears to be indiscriminate hunting in parts of Southeast Asia, where the birds are caught in mist nets and sold to local markets as food. Loeffelstrandlaeufer m coral 20110623 Meynipylgino RU 58 singend 1

In the region including Alaska, at least 29 species of ducks, geese, gulls, loons, eiders, and shorebirds regularly migrate across the Bering Strait. Three species are of particular note, since a large portion, or the entire population migrates through the EAAF. These include the Bar-tailed Godwit, Dunlin and Sharp-tailed Sandpiper.The ‘western’ Bar-tailed Godwit nests only in Alaska and spends the winter in New Zealand and Eastern Australia. On theirnorthward migration the entire population of these Godwits, which numbers between 100,000 and 150,000 birds, stage for several weeks exclusively on intertidal habitats of the Yellow Sea. These habitats are facing unprecedented and continuous rates of habitat alteration. On its southward migration, Godwits fly from Alaska nonstop directly across the Pacific Ocean to their over wintering grounds. Migratory birds link all corners of the world. To conserve migratory species effectively, international cooperation between Arctic and non-Arctic States is required.

To this end the CAFF and EAAFP objectives and activities complement one another. The Resolution of Cooperation formalizes cooperation and contributes to building and sharing knowledge, creating awareness and enhancing capacity for conservation of migratory bird species along the East Asian-Australasian Flyway. The document was signed at the 7th Meeting of the Partners to the EAAFP in Anchorage, Alaska, hosted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S. representative to the CAFF.

The EAAFP intends to use relevant and available opportunities to promote the importance of Arctic migratory bird species, including status, trends and threats, and the dissemination of CAFF program material where appropriate. CAFF intends to seek opportunities to raise awareness, and develop supportive actions for the conservation of migratory bird species and focus attention on the challenges facing species along the East Asian-Australasian Flyway. CAFF’s Arctic Biodiversity Assessment and Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program will facilitate the exchange of information on migratory bird species along this important flyway.


Download the Resolution of Cooperation



Tom Barry

Executive Secretary, CAFF      

  tom [AT] caff [DOT] is

+354 861 9824


Spike Millington

Chief Executive, EAAFP

  chief [AT] eaaflyway [DOT] net

+82 32 260 3010


About the Partnership for the East Asian-Australasian Flyway

The Partnership, adopted in the list of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) as a Type II initiative – is an informal and voluntary initiative, which aims to protect migratory waterbirds, their habitats and the livelihoods of people dependent upon them within the Flyway. There are currently 30 partners including 15 national governments, four intergovernmental agencies, 10 international non-government organizations and one international business organization. For more information see www.eaaflyway.net.


About the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna

CAFF is the biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council and consists of National Representatives assigned by each of the eight Arctic Council Member States, representatives of Indigenous Peoples' organizations that are Permanent Participants to the Council, and Arctic Council observer countries and organizations. CAFF’s mandate is to address the conservation of Arctic biodiversity, and to communicate its findings to the governments and residents of the Arctic, helping to promote practices which ensure the sustainability of the Arctic’s living resources. For more information see www.caff.is.


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