Monitoring Series

Access background papers, framework documents, monitoring plans, handbooks and more from the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP), its marine, terrestrial and freshwater groups and other networks and topics.

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All Monitoring Documents

Access all monitoring related documents from CAFF.

Marine Monitoring

Documents from the Marine Steering Group and Expert Networks of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Freshwater Monitoring

Documents from the Freshwater Steering Group and Expert Networks of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Terrestrial Monitoring

Documents from the Terrestrial Steering Group and Expert Networks of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

Coastal Monitoring Documents from the Coastal Expert Monitoring Group of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). 
Community Based Monitoring

Access community based monitoring strategies, handbooks and more.

Protected Areas Monitoring

Access protected areas documents from the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program.(CBMP).

Data and Data Management

Data and data management documents from the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) and CAFF.

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Arctic Freshwater Monitoring Plan Annual Report 2016

This report describes the progress over the past year to implement the CBMP Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Iceland, 2015-2016

A 2015-2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Iceland.

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Kingdom of Denmark, 2015-2016

A 2015-2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the Kingdom of Denmark.  

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Canada, 2015-2016

A 2015-2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada. 

Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) Coastal Expert Workshop Meeting Report, Ottawa, Canada, February 29-March 3, 2016

The full proceedings report of the Coastal Expert Monitoring Group's expert workshop in Ottawa, Canada, Feb. 29- March 3, 2016

Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Annual Report 2016: Annual report on the implementation of the CBMP's Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan

This report describes the progress towards implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan in 2016 and a work plan for the coming year.

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: USA, 2015-2016

A 2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the USA. 

Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan Implementation: Sweden, 2015-2016

A 2016 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Sweden. 

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway.  

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Iceland. 

This atlas and guide presents results of the Russian American Long-Term Census of the Arctic (RUSALCA) fish investigations conducted by bottom trawl in the Pacific Arctic region northward from Bering Strait. Species accounts provide documentation of the biodiversity and geographic distribution baselines with maps supported by citation of voucher specimens, catch records, and literature; habitat and morphological descriptions; and remarks on taxonomic issues with implications from DNA barcoding. Pages of fish photographs with labeled features are grouped separately in an identification guide. 

The proceedings of the Coastal Expert Monitoring Group's expert workshop in Ottawa, Canada, Feb. 29- March 3, 2016. The following document provides a summary of the workshop activities and outcomes, and will be followed by a more complete Workshop Report.

This report describes the progress over the past year to implement the CBMP Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

This background paper outlines how the CBMP's Coastal Plan will be created and develops a framework for integrated and cost-effective monitoring of Arctic coastal biodiversity.

A 2015 update on the implementation of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway.

This document summarizes the work of the Bering Sea Sub-Network (BSSN) II project, which provided a means for remote Indigenous villages around the Bering Sea to communicate their observations about the environment and subsistence harvest.

A circumpolar plan to monitor seabird populations, created by CAFF's CBird Expert Group as part of the marine component of CAFF's Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program.

This report summarizes the initial set of satellite data products included in the CAFF Land Cover Change (LCC) Initiative. The LCC Initiative has been developed to harness the potential of remote sensing for use in Arctic biodiversity monitoring and assessment activities. 

This report describes the progress towards implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan in 2014 and a work plan for the coming year 

This report describes the progress towards implementation of the CBMP-Terrestrial Plan in 2014 and a work plan for the coming year  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the Kingdom of Denmark.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the USA.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Sweden.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in the USA. 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Iceland.  

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Norway. 

A 2014 update on the implementation of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in Canada.

Mise en oeuvre du plan de surveillance de la biodiversité marine dans lArctique : mise à jour au Canada en 2013

A progress report to the Arctic Council Ministerial meeting, Iqaluit, Canada, April 2015 on CAFF's traditional knowledge and community-based monitoring work.

An update on the activities and actions surrounding the implementation of the Arctic Biodiversity Data Service (ABDS).

A progress report of the Land Cover Change Index, an initiative to create a framework to harness remote sensing potential for use in Arctic biodiversity monitoring and assessment activities. This document reports on progress made in Phase 1 of this initiative 2013-2015.

This report describes the progress that has been made in 2014 to implement the CBMP Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

The Canadian Arctic Marine Biodiversity Plan (Canadian Marine Plan) is the Canadian contribution to the Arctic Council Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna’s Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program, Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

The overall objective of the Canadian Arctic Marine Biodiversity Plan (Canadian Marine Plan) is to improve our ability to detect and understand the causes of long-term changes in the structure and function of Canadian arctic marine ecosystems. The Canadian Marine Plan integrates existing scientific and community-based marine biodiversity data and information. 

A brochure describing the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). 

Implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan began in late 2011, and this report describes the progress that has been made during the second year of implementation (2013).

This document details the background, purpose, development, structure and outcomes of the CBMP Terrestrial Steering Group meeting in Akureyri, Iceland February 2014 to implement the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

A brochure highlighting the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP)

This report describes the progress made since December 2012, when implementation of the CBMP-Freshwater Plan began.

This document identifies marine benthos monitoring possibilities amongst Atlantic Arctic nations by identifying time- and cost-effective possibilities.

 

 

List of Marine Fishes of the Arctic Region Annotated with Common Names and Zoogeographic Characterizations

This document details a list of Arctic marine fishes with geographical characterizations (e.g., arctic, arctic-boreal, boreal). The list contains the most common or officially recommended names in English, French, Norwegian and Russian.

This edition is being used by the CBMPMarine Fish Expert Network as a baseline document which will be revised form time to time to add new species, as they are discovered in the arctic region, and new languages.

Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan: scientific poster

This scientific poster, intended for presentations at conferences and meetings, provides an overview of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, including key management questions, benefits, and approach.

The CBMP Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group (CBMP-TEMG) has developed the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (CBMP-Terrestrial Plan/the Plan) as the framework for coordinated, long-term Arctic terrestrial biodiversity monitoring. The goal of the CBMP-Terrestrial Plan is to improve the collective ability of Arctic traditional knowledge (TK) holders, northern communities, and scientists to detect, understand and report on long-term change in Arctic terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity.

This next generation CBMP strategic plan will focus on continuing to implement those strategies while allowing for greater emphasis on interpretation, integration and communication of biodiversity information resulting from the CBMP Monitoring Plans. This plan outlines ongoing efforts to establish and maintain steering groups to implement the monitoring plans and manage and provide that information for ongoing and future assessments of Arctic biodiversity.

This one page summary (double-sided) provides an overview of the activities and progress made in 2012 to implement the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan.

This document details Canadian involvement in implementing the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan in 2012.

 

For more on Canada's implementation of CBMP Marine, please visit the Canadian CBMP-Marine implementation website.

This scientific poster, intended for presentations at conferences and meetings, provides an overview of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, including the key questions, benefits, and approach.

This issue of Ursus, Monograph Series Number 5, 2012 features a Circumpolar Monitoring Framework for Polar Bears produced by the the authors. CAFF facilitated the process.

Implementation of the CBMP-Marine Plan began in late 2011, and this report describes the progress that has been made during the first year of implementation (2012).

This document develops an Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (The Freshwater Plan) that details the rationale and framework for improvements related to the monitoring of freshwaters of the circumpolar Arctic, including ponds, lakes, their tributaries and associated wetlands, as well as rivers, their tributaries and associated wetlands. The monitoring framework aims to facilitate circumpolar assessments by providing Arctic countries with a structure and a set of guidelines for initiating and developing monitoring activities that employ common approaches and indicators. The Freshwater Plan is part of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) that is working with partners to harmonize and enhance long-term Arctic biodiversity monitoring efforts in order to facilitate more rapid detection, communication and response to significant trends and pressures.

A poster on the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP).

A brochure highlighting the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP).

A poster outlining the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Program. Intended for scientific and policy audiences.

The Arctic Report Card annually tracks and reports on the status and trends of the Arctic. 

Proposes objectives, means, details of data ownership, and initial analytical tools of sharing seabird information across the Arctic on the internet to improve conservation efforts by providing a tool to analize seabird status and trends information on a circumpolar scale.

The CBVM intends to produce an internationally agreed upon circumboreal vegetation map with a common legend and language for use in decision making.

Proceedings of the first Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group workshop to develop a multidisciplinary, integrated, pan-Arctic, long-term terrestrial biodiversity monitoring plan. 

The overall goal of the workshop was to identify possible synergies between organisations and networks working with Arctic terrestrial biodiversity, and to agree on common actions to improve the collaboration and communication (see appendix 1 and 2 for further information about agenda and participants).

The Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan (CBMP-Marine Plan) is the first of the CBMP’s four pan-Arctic biodiversity monitoring plans. The overall goal of the CBMP-Marine Plan is to improve our ability to detect and understand the causes of long-term change in the composition, structure and function of Arctic marine ecosystems, as well as to develop authoritative assessments of key elements of Arctic marine biodiversity (e.g., key indicators, ecologically pivotal and/or other important taxa).

The goal of the workshop was (i) for selected protected area experts and practitioners to discuss relevant arctic protected areas issues and opportunities for coordinated approaches to biodiversity monitoring, (2) to review the provide opportunity for all Arctic Council country and permanent participants to share key monitoring considerations for the group to address; (3)and provide direction and enhancements to the draft protected area discussion paper in preparation for the development of an arctic protected area monitoring framework.

Background paper for an Arctic protected areas monitoring scheme that would identify a suite of biodiversity monitoring measures that would be commonly monitored across the Arctic and implemented in a standardized way by each agency. This initiative is intended to enable coordinated reporting of biodiversity in Arctic protected areas and to provide a circumpolar understanding of change occurring within protected areas around the Arctic region.

This document provides an overview on the development of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, produced by a Freshwater Expert Monitoring Group (FEMG) for the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP), along with timelines for development of the FEMG.

Twenty-two scientists, managers and community experts from the five Arctic polar bear nations, met in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, to help develop a pan-Arctic monitoring plan for polar bears as part of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF). 

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #21, Changes in Protected Areas

The status and trend of indicator species #21, changes in protected areas, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

The framework document for a coordinated circumpolar research and monitoring effort of polar bears.

A summary of the outcomes of the first international meeting of the Freshwater Expert Monitoring Group (FEMG) of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Montioring Program (CBMP).


A broad assessment of community based monitoring for diverse audiences that explores different community based monitoring programs in an effort to highlight the best and most successful practices of each. It is also designed for use as a framework for custom-tailoring specific community-based monitoring projects, and as an application to monitoring efforts in non-Arctic regions.

 

Available in Chinese

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #08, The Arctic Species Trend Index

The status and trend of indicator species #8, The Arctic Species Trend Index.

The background paper of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Monitoring Plan, highlighting the process and key elements to develop.

The findings of a workshop focused on fostering the development and implementation of coordinated, international research and monitoring networks for Arctic freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems and the biodiversity they support.

The 2008 Annual Report of the Bearing Sea Sub-Network- International Community-Based Environmental Observation Alliance for the Arctic Observing Network (BSSN).


A framework document for developing an integrated monitoring framework for seabirds.

A Strategy for Facilitating and Developing Community-based Monitoring: Approaches in Arctic Biodiversity Monitoring

A strategy for integrating Arctic community-based monitroing efforts into the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). 

Available in Russian / на русском языке

Description of the main activities and focus of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) from March 2008-2013.

 

Available in Russian / на русском языке

A Strategy for Developing Indices and Indicators to Track Status and Trends in Arctic Biodiversity

A strategy for developing indices and indicators for monitoring Arctic biodiversity in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP). Targeted and consistent reporting will help meet the program's information and communication needs.  

Available in Russian / на русском языке

Discussion results from a joint meeting between AMAP and CAFF to discuss coordinated monitoring efforts.

Findings of a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Marine Mammal Commission and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Valencia, Spain March 4-6, 2007.

Paper on reindeer husbandry and montioring in the Arctic and major associations and networks on the topic including the Association of World Reindeer Herders.

An initial examination of the literature pertaining to the traditional, historical, and contemporary Aleut use of plant resources.

Paper describing the scope, purpose, need and status of the CircumArctic Rangifer Monitoring and Assessment (CARMA) Network based on discussions from the first two official annual meetings.

An exploration of the International Tundra Experiment and how it could participate in the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Network (CBMP).

A background document for the development of a network to monitor Rangifer populations and the human interactions wtih this important resource.


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