Assessment Series

The latest CAFF Assessment reports and findings, including the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment, the Arctic Species Trend Index (ASTI) and more.

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All Assessment Documents

All CAFF assessment documents.

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment

Documents from the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment.

Arctic Species Trend Index

Assessments from the Arctic Species Trend Index.

Sea Ice Associated Biodiversity Assessment

Access document from the Arctic Sea Ice Associated Biodiversity Assessment.

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The Co-Chairs Report from the Arctic Biodiversity Congress, held December 2-4, 2014.

Evaluering af Arktisk Biodiversitet: Syntese

Evaluering af Arktisk Biodiversitet: Syntese

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis (in Danish)

A stand alone synthesis document summarizing the characteristcs of Arctic biodiversity, human use of wildlife over time, status and trends in Arctic biodiversity, stressors and their alleviation, knowledge gaps and suggested conservation and research priorities.

Evaluering af Arktisk Biodiversitet: Sammenfatning til Politiske Beslutningstagere

Evaluering af Arktisk Biodiversitet: Sammenfatning til Politiske Beslutningstagere

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Report for Policy Makers (Danish). Find the nine key findings and 17 recommendations CAFF makes to the Arctic Council.

Issittumi Uumassuseqassutsip assigiinngisitaarneranik naliliineq Eqikkaaneq – qinikkanut atugassiaq

Issittumi Uumassuseqassutsip assigiinngisitaarneranik naliliineq Eqikkaaneq – qinikkanut atugassiaq

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Report for Policy Makers (Greenlandic). Find the nine key findings and 17 recommendations CAFF makes to the Arctic Council.

Publishing information and table of contents for the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis

Life Linked to Ice examines the consequences for biodiversity of the dramatic changes occurring to sea ice. It was prepared by the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna working group (CAFF), and both draws from and builds on Arctic Council assessments in order to present an overview of the state of knowledge about sea-ice-associated biodiversity. The report is intended as a briefing and reference document for policy makers.

Arctic Marine Areas of Heightened Ecological and Cultural Significance: Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment (AMSA) IIC

AMAP/CAFF/SDWG, 2013. Identification of Arctic marine areas of heightened ecological and cultural significance: Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment (AMSA) IIc. Oslo. 114 pp. 2013. Identification of Arctic marine areas of heightened ecological and cultural significance: Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment (AMSA) IIc

Évaluation de la biodiversité de l’Arctique Résumé destiné aux décideurs

Évaluation de la biodiversité de l’Arctique Résumé destiné aux décideurs

>Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Report for Policy Makers (French). Find the nine key findings and 17 recommendations CAFF makes to the Arctic Council.

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Table of Contents and Acknowledgements

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Cover, Table of Contents and Acknowledgements.

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment Postcards

Download a package of nine postcards that detail the key findings of the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment.

Also available in  

Danish
Even
Finnish
French
Greenlandic
Icelandic
Inuktitut
Russian
Sakha
Yukagir

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 1, Synthesis

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 1, Synthesis: implications for conservation

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 2, Species Diversity in the Arctic

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 3, Mammals

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 4, Birds

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 5, Amphibians and Reptiles

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 6, Fishes

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 7, Terrestrial and Freshwater Invertebrates

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 8, Marine Invertebrates

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 9, Plants

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 10, Fungi

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 11, Microorganisms

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 12, Terrestrial Ecosystems

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 13, Freshwater Ecosystems

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 14, Marine Ecosystems

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 15, Parasites

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 16, Invasive Species: Human-Induced

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 17, Genetics

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 18, Provisioning and Cultural Services

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 19, Disturbance, Feedbacks and Conservation

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Chapter 20, Linguistic Diversity

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Introduction

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Foreword by the chief scientist

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Preface by CAFF and Steering Committee Chairmen

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Report for Policy Makers (English). Find the nine key findings and 17 recommendations CAFF makes to the Arctic Council.

Оценка биоразнообразия в Арктике Резюме для политического руководства

Оценка биоразнообразия в Арктике Резюме для политического руководства

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Report for Policy Makers (Russian). Find the nine key findings and 17 recommendations CAFF makes to the Arctic Council.

ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥ ᐆᒪᔪᐃᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖏᑦᑑᑎᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᓐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᑐᑭᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᓇᐃᓈᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᑐᐊᒐᓕᐅᖅᑎᐅᕙᒃᑐᓄᑦ

ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥ ᐆᒪᔪᐃᑦ  ᐊᔾᔨᒌᖏᑦᑑᑎᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᖓᓐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ  ᖃᐅᔨᓴᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᑐᑭᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ  ᓇᐃᓈᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᑐᐊᒐᓕᐅᖅᑎᐅᕙᒃᑐᓄᑦ

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Report for Policy Makers (Inuktitut). Find the nine key findings and 17 recommendations CAFF makes to the Arctic Council.

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis. A stand alone synthesis document summarizing the characteristcs of Arctic biodiversity, human use of wildlife over time, status and trends in Arctic biodiversity, stressors and their alleviation, knowledge gaps and suggested conservation and research priorities. 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Status and Trends in Arctic Biodiversity full scientific report (fishes and terrestrial ecosystems chapters still pending). The ABA is the best available science, informed by Traditoinal Ecological Knowledge, on the status and trends of Arctic biodiversity.

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis, chapter 2, Characteristics of Arctic Biodiversity.

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis, Foreword

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis, chapter 3: Human use of wildlife through time

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis, chapter 3, Introduction

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis,chapter 6, Knowledge gaps

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis, Preface

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis, References


Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis, Status and trends in Arctic Biodiversity as a standalone document.

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis, chapter 5, Stressors and their alleviation

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis, chapter 7, Suggested conservation and research priorities

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment 2013: Synthesis, Summary

The 2011 exploration of spatial biodiversity data analysis techniques using the Arctic Species Trend Index data set.

An in depth analysis of the marine data set in the Arctic Species Trend Index (ASTI) after a 2011 data revision and update.

Key findings from the 2011 analysis of the Arctic Species Trend Index, focussing on the marine ecosystem and spatial analysis techniques after the dataset underwent revisions and updates.

A total checklist of lichens and lichenicolous fungi in the circumpolar Arctic and a preliminary list of rare and endemic lichens.

Workshop goals were to: outline past trends and the current situation for sea ice-associated biodiversity and project what might happen in the future; consider issues facing sea ice-associated biodiversity and what actions might be required to adapt to or mitigate the effects of reduced availability of Arctic sea ice; outline a technical report on the effects of sea ice loss on ice-associated biodiversity and determine next steps.

A summary of the population status and trends for 19 populations of Arctic seabirds.

A document outlining the basic principles and guidelines for authors of the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) scientific report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #09 Arctic Genetic Diversity

The status and trend of indicator species #9, Arctic genetic diversity, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Introduction to the Arctic Biodiveristy Trends 2010: Selected Indicators of Change report.

The seven key findings from the Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Selected indicators of Change report.

Outlines the emerging issues and challenges that Arctic wildlife and ecosystems face, as well as the challenges in conservation and protection as identified in the Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010 report.

The status and trend of indicator species #1, the polar bear, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #02, Wild Reindeer and Caribou

The status and trend of indicator species #2, the wild reindeer and caribou, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #03, Shorebird - Red Knot

The status and trend of indicator species #3, shorebirds- re knot, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #04, Seabirds - Murres, Guillemots

The status and trend of indicator species #4, seabirds - murre/guillemots, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #05, Seabirds - Common Eider

The status and trend of indicator species #5, seabirds - common eider, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #06, Arctic Char

The status and trend of indicator species #6, Arctic char, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #07, Invasive Species (Human-induced)

The status and trend of indicator species #7, invasive species (human-induced), in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #08, The Arctic Species Trend Index

The status and trend of indicator species #8, The Arctic Species Trend Index.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #10, Arctic Sea Ice Ecosystems

>The status and trend of indicator species #10, Arctic sea-ice ecosystems, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #11, Greening of the Arctic

The status and trend of indicator species #11, greening of the Arctic, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #12, Reproductive Phenology in Terrestrial Ecosystems

The status and trend of indicator species #12, reproductive phenology in terrestrial ecosystem, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #13, Appearing and Disappearing Lakes in the Arctic and their Impacts on Biodiversity

The status and trend of indicator species #13, appearing and disappearing lakes in the Arctic and their impacts on biodiversity, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #14, Arctic Peatlands

The status and trend of indicator species #14, Arctic peatlands, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #15, Effects of Decreased Freshwater Ice Cover Duration on Biodiversity

The status and trend of indicator species #15, effects of decreased freshwater ice cover duration on biodiversity, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #16, Changing Distribution of Marine Fish

The status and trend of indicator species #16, changing distributions of marine fish, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #17, Impacts of Human Activities on Benthic Habitat

The status and trend of indicator species #17, impacts of human activities on benthic habitat, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #18, Reindeer Herding

The status and trend of indicator species #18, reindeer herding, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #19, Seabird Harvest

The status and trend of indicator species #19, seabird harvest, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #20,  Changes in Harvest

The status and trend of indicator species #20, changes in harvest, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Indicator #22, Linguistic Diversity

The status and trend of indicator species #22, linguistic diversity, in the Arctic Biodiversity Trend 2010 report.


A presentation on the Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Selected Indicators of Change report.

Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010: Summary Booklet


A twelve page summary booklet highlighting the key findings and emerging issues and challenges as featured in the full report.

Available in:

Danish
Finnish
German
Greenlandic
Icelandic
Norwegian
Russian
Swedish

For this report, twenty-two indicators were selected to provide a snapshot of the trends being observed in Arctic biodiversity today.

A 2010 analysis of the Arctic Species Trend Index (ASTI) dataset, an index used to track trend in Arctic fish, mammals and birds.

A Concept Paper prepared for CAFF that describes several species which depend on sea ice for essential life functions including foraging, reproduction, protection from predators and cold water immersion, a platform for traveling, resting, and nursing, as well as some species that associate with sea ice for parts of the year. This paper specifically discusses ice algae and protists, Arctic cod, ivory gulls, thick-billed murres, spectacled and king eiders, polar bears, ringed seals, bearded seals, walruses, narwhals, beluga whales and bowhead whales.

As assessment of seabird harvest in the Arctic by the Circumpolar Seabird Group (CBird).

An initial examination of the literature pertaining to the traditional, historical, and contemporary Aleut use of plant resources.

The Arctic Biodiveristy Assessment (ABA) work plan and financial strategy.

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) Scientific Report

The 1042 page scientific report of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, a major international project to evaluate and synthesize knowledge on climate variability, climate change, and increased ultraviolet radiation and their consequences.

A report arguing for the holistic approach to sacred sites management by exploring case studies in the Yamal and Koryak Autonomous Okrus.

A description for a cooperative banding program project between the Arctic countries.

A report discussing the multitude of values found in Arctic protected areas. It presents case studies that demonstrate how protected areas conserve such values.

Descriptions of the natural physical, natural ecological, economic, cultural, subsistence use, educations, landscape, societal, scientific and recreational values of Arctic protected areas.

A series of thematic goals and recommendations arising from Arctic Flora and Fauna: Status and Conservation, the science-based overview of Arctic biodiversity and key conservation issues.

This is the first truely circumpolar overview of Arctic biodiversity and provides a clear understanding of the importance of the Earth's largest ecoregion and its status in the face of a rapidly changing world.


A summary of international marine conservation instruments and national legislation of the six Arctic coastal states that border on the Arctic Ocean.

The CAFF Working Group of the Arctic Council hosted this workshop on the incidental catch of seabirds in the waters of Arctic countries in response to recommendations put forth in the recent CAFF Technical Report No. 1 entitled Incidental Take of Seabirds in Commercial Fisheries in the Arctic Countries. A second focus of the workshop was longline incidental catch, in response to The International Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries a voluntary instrument of the FAO.

This report is a technical account of a Gap Analysis Project conducted for the Russian Arctic in 1997-1999 in support of the Circumpolar Protected Areas Network (CPAN) of CAFF. It updates the status and spatial distribution of protected areas within the CAFF area of the Russian Federation and provides, in 22 GIs based maps and several data sets, a wealth of information relevant for present and future management decisions related to habitat conservation in the Russian Arctic.

This report describes the migratory birds of the Arctic, their migration systems, and how they are already protected under international legislation when they leave the Arctic.

The report analyzes various human activities and the disturbances they may cause in Arctic seabird colonies and makes recommendations to reduce the harm in such activities.


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