The Cooperative Strategy for the Conservation of Biological Diversity in the Arctic Region, Program for the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, is designed to provide CAFF with directions to enhance co-operation among Arctic countries and relevant agencies, communities and organizations, in order to secure the natural productive capacity of Arctic ecosystems and secure biological diversity at all levels.
This strategy has three goals:
- Support the conservation of Arctic biological diversity, including the diversity of ecosystems, species, populations and their habitats and genetic resources. When Arctic biological resources are used, the use should be at levels that are suitable and meet the needs of lcoal and Indigenous people and do not adversely affect other ecosystem components.
- Promote the participation of local and Indigenous people in the development and implementation of policies and programs relating to the conservation of Arctic biological diversity and the sustainable use of biological resources.
- Develop and improve public education and awareness programs that support the conservation of Arctic biological diversity and the sustainable use of biological resources.
The strategy outlines the following activities in order to meet the above goals:
- identification of Arctic biological diversity
- monitoring of Arctic biological diversity
- species and habitat conservation and restoration
- identification of threats
- environmental impact assessments
- protected areas
- conservation outside protected areas
- collaborative research
- sustainable use of biological resources
- sectoral and cross-sectoral integration
- data and information sharing
- harmonization of legislation
- Indigenous and other local peoples
- education and public awareness